Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia and is located approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta on the island of Java . Prambanan was built around the year 850, under either Rakai Pikatan , a king of Mataram , or Maha Sambu Bali Tung during the Sanjaya Dynasty . Soon after its completion was left of the temple and began to decay.
The reconstruction of the complex began in 1918 and is still ongoing. The main building was completed in 1953. Above all, the retrieval and the proper allocation of the original building material causes problems because it was often re-used material from distant buildings. Thus, only buildings to be rebuilt, of which there are at least 75 percent of the original stones, and many of the smaller shrines you still can not see a lot more than the ground.
The plant is one of the largest Hindu temple in Southeast Asia . It was in 1991 by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site recognized. Characteristic is the high and sharp design that is typical of Hindu temples, as well as the strict arrangement of numerous single punch to the 47 m high main building in the middle.
The facility consists of eight main shrines or temples-together, and more than 250 individual temples that surround the main shrine. The three major shrines, Trisakti (“three sacred places”) are known, the three gods Shiva the destroyer, Vishnu the preserver, and Brahma the Creator ordained. This corresponds to the basic structure of the Trimurti – the Hindu Göttertrinität – which in many Hindu temples, and in Indonesia (eg: Besakih in Bali ), finds.
On the same site, but at some distance from the Hindu temples are also a plant with three small Buddhist temple complexes (also damaged completely or partially and under reconstruction). Further afield to the Prambanan temples are still many more, many of which are under ash and mud layers from eruptions of the nearby volcano Mount Merapi come.
By a strong earthquake on 27 May 2006, the temple complex of Prambanan, which was already restored just badly damaged. To capture the full extent of the damage, the plant was closed for several weeks. There were serious structural damage to the Candi Brahma , Vishnu and Garuda found. Since July 2006, re-run large-scale renovations. How accurate are the structural damage to the named Candi will be resolved is still open. For discussion included a complete rebuild. Since August 2006, Prambanan is again open to visitors, but the shrines may not be entered because there are still collapsing and falling rocks.