The Potala palace in Lhasa was during the time of the central Tibetan government Ganden Phodrang ( Tib : dga ‘pho brang Idan , reigned from 1642 to 1959) the official residence and seat of government of the Dalai Lama . The huge palace located on the mountain, “Mar-po-ri”, the 130 meters on the Tibetan capital rises. The first palace was built in 637 by Songtsen Gampo for his wife Wen Cheng at the “Red Mountain” in Lhasa created. The palace was finished in 641st In the 8th Century Chinese troops destroyed it largely.
In the 17th Century ordered the 5th Dalai Lama to build a palace on the “Red Mountain” at. The ruins of Songtsen Gampo’s palace were built into the construction of the larger system. The construction of the first part of today’s palace, “Phodrang Karpo” (Tib: pho brang po dkar , “White Palace”), was established in 1648 under the reign of the fifth Dalai Lama concluded that “Phodrang Marpo” (Tib: pho brang po dmar , “Red Palace”) was only in 1694 after his death under Desi Sanggye Gyatsho completed. At this phase there is a detailed report by the regents with an extensive list of Newar craftsmen who worked on the building. The last major change came in 1922, under the 13th Dalai Lama has been renovated several rooms and the Red Palace also added two more floors.
The construction of the Norbulingka , the summer was used as an palace, the Potala was given the name “Winter Palace”. The Chinese Cultural Revolution of the Potala Palace survived as one of the few cultural monuments in Tibet relatively unscathed, because the palace had to serve as accommodation of the Chinese occupation army. He is now a museum, but one next to the Jokhang Temple remains among the most important pilgrimage sites of Tibetan Buddhists.
The Potala Palace is on the list since 1961 of monuments of the People’s Republic of China (1-107). Since 1994, the “Historic Ensemble Potala Palace in Lhasa,” a World Heritage monument on the UNESCO list of world heritage . The ensemble is one next to the Potala Palace and Norbulingka Summer Palace and the Jokhang Temple. In 2004 the government invested the Tibet Autonomous Region, 70 million yuan (equivalent to about 7 million euros) in the renovation of the Potala Palace, the Norbulingka and the Sa’gya monastery.
The palace extends east-west direction at about 350 meters north-south direction on a further 300 meters. In the complex spread over 13 floors and 999 rooms. The Red Palace are located in the upper floors of the private rooms of the Dalai Lama. In addition to large ceremonies and meditation halls, and many smaller chapels are located in the plant, the grave- Chorten of the previous reincarnations of the Dalai Lama. There were eight Dalai Lamas buried in separate graves, starting with the 5th Dalai Lama, whose grave is the most magnificent. For this purpose, were processed at a height of 17.4 meters over three floors approximately 3700 kilograms of gold.