Pompey’s Pillar is a pillar of the Roman triumph at Alexandria, Egypt, and the largest of its kind outside of the imperial capitals of Rome and Constantinople was built. The only known autonomous pillar in Roman Egypt, which was not composed of drums, he has built one of the most ancient monoliths and one of the largest monolithic columns ever.
Due to the constant presence of war in Alexandria in the ancient world, has only very few survived from the old town today. A large part of the royal and civic quarters sank beneath the harbor by earthquake subsidence, and the rest were built, among other things in modern times.
The wave of monolithic pillar measuring 20.46 meters in height with a diameter of 2.71 m at the base. The weight of single piece of red Aswan granite is estimated at 285 tons. The column is 26.85 meters high, including base and capital. Other authors give slightly different dimensions.
Erroneously dated at the time of Pompey, the Corinthian column was actually built in 297 AD, for the victory of the Roman emperor Diocletian during a revolt to commemorate Alexandrian.
“The Pompey’s Pillar,” a Roman victory column is one of the most famous ancient monuments in Alexandria today. It is based on the ancient acropolis of Alexandria, a small hill next to the Arab town cemetery was originally located part of a portico of the temple. Including its pedestal it is 30 m (99 ft) high, the tree is made of polished red granite, 2.7 meters in diameter at the base, tapering to 2.4 meters at the top. The tree is 88 feet (27 m) in height from a single piece of granite. That would be 132 cubic meters or about 396 tons. Pompey’s Pillar can be built using the same methods that are used to build the ancient obelisks were. The Romans had cranes, but they were not strong enough to lift something so heavy. Roger and Mark Hopkins Lehrner conducted several experiments obelisk erected, including a successful attempt, an obelisk of 25 tonnes in 1999 to build. This was followed by two attempts to smaller obelisks and two failed attempts to build build a 25-ton obelisk. The structure was plundered and demolished in the 4th Century when a bishop decreed that Paganism must be eradicated. “The Pompey’s Pillar” is misleading, because it has nothing to do with Pompey, having been built in 293 for Diocletian, possibly in memory of the rebellion of Domitius Domitian. Under the Acropolis itself, the underground remains of the Serapeum, where the mysteries of the god Serapis were enacted, and whose carved wall niches are believed to have provided space for the storage overflow the old library. In recent years, many ancient artifacts from the surrounding sea, mostly pieces of ancient pottery have been discovered.
Catacombs of Alexandria, as Kom al-Shoqafa known southwest of the pillar short reach to consisting of a multi-level labyrinth, a large spiral staircase, and with dozens of set of rooms of carved pillars, statues and other syncretic Romano-Egyptian religious symbols, grave niches and sarcophagi, as well as a large banquet hall of the Roman style, where memorial meals were conducted by relatives of the deceased. The catacombs were long forgotten by the citizens until they were discovered by accident in the 1800s.
The excavation of the ancient broader currently in Alexandria is known as Kom al-Dikka. He showed well-preserved theater of the ancient city, and the rest of its Roman baths at the time.