Poland is a country in Central Europe. The capital and largest city is Warsaw. It is based on the area’s seventh-largest country in Europe and is number 62 of the world’s largest countries. The Polish state is mostly a flat country, just to the south there are mountains. The Catholics are by far the largest denomination of the country. Since 1 May 2004, the country Member State of the European Union. The country is also a member of the UN, the OECD, the NATO and the OSCE.
The full name of today’s Poland’s Rzeczpospolita Polska, in German Poland. The name Poland comes from the West Slavic tribe of Polans (Polanie), which is in the 5th Century in the territory of the present Wielkopolska to Posen (Poznan) and Gniezno, between the rivers Oder and Vistula, settled. The Polans were for the most part farmers, the name evolved from the word Polans pole, German field. The term Polans occurred around the year 1000.
Poland’s territory covers an area of 312,679 km². It is bordered in the north to the Baltic Sea and Russia, on the east by Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, on the south by Slovakia and the Czech Republic and west of Germany. Overall, Poland has 3583 km border, 524 kilometers away in the Baltic Sea and on the 1221 km border runs along the rivers.