Phnom Penh is the capital of Cambodia . Phnom Penh has two million inhabitants (2006) and is located in the southwest of the country on the Tonle Sap , a tributary of the Mekong . The city is home to a university and a technical center. There is an international airport and a harbor. About the Mekong River, the city is accessible to smaller ships. Phnom Penh is by far the most important economic center in the country.
The town takes its name from the Wat Phnom Daun Penh (Hill Temple), built in 1372 on an artificial hill 27 meters high, five statues of Buddha record. 1434, the last king of laid Angkor his residence in the metropolitan area of present-day Phnom Penh, after Lovek after Angkor in 1431 by Ayutthaya , the Kingdom of the Thai conquered, and its vital irrigation systems were destroyed. In the 16th Century was Lovek leave. Until 1866 moved King Norodom I, under pressure from the French government’s headquarters from Udon to Phnom Penh. In 1867 the city was also home to the French colonial administration . The French planned and built the city again. To create the wetlands in the city today to dry, a canal system was created. Since 1933 a railway line connects Phnom Penh with the port of Kompong Som, now Sihanoukville .
The urban population of Phnom Penh was prior to the attainment of political independence of Cambodia in 1953 one third of Vietnamese, Chinese and Khmer. It was not until the second half of the 1950s began the demographic ratio in favor of the Khmer move significantly. Today, Vietnamese and Chinese are a numerically small indeed, but the more economically influential minority of the urban population.