Peru is an Andean country in South America . In the west it borders with a long coastline on the Pacific Ocean and extends east of the Andes down to the basin of the Amazon into it. Due to its location, the historical past, the unspoiled nature in the Amazon basin and the mountains beyond the 4,000 m, offers the country a diversity of any tourist . So it just draws climbers from all nations in the Andean region, such as whitewater paddling , and interested in culture, the legacy of the Inca and their predecessors visit. Even lovers of tropical rain forest come on expeditions through the Amazon jungle at their expense. The whole country is well developed and therefore offers a similar package tourists exciting adventures like extreme sports enthusiasts and people looking for solitude.
The most well-traveled route starts in Lima , with its colonial buildings and museums, then leads to Nazca to the gescharrten huge figures in the ground. Then will the White City of Arequipa visited. The city within a city, the monastery of Santa Catalina , and trips to the Valley of the Condors ( Cañon de Colca – two-or three-day hike) should be on the program. After that we continue to Puno on Lake Titicaca . In addition to sightseeing tours take place on Lake Titicaca to the floating islands of Uros, Taquile and after the sun and moon island. The highlight of the trip is Cuzco , with its many legacies of the Incas, the Inca Archeosit Llacta (www.inkallacta.com) and a cheap day trip not to Machu Picchu . If there is enough time and money left over, the tour also includes a short side trip into the jungle, for which the Manu National Park has to serve. Then it usually goes back to the starting point of Lima. This tour is nicknamed “Gringo Trail” (from the Spanish word gringo for a white foreigner).
One of the most scenic trips in Peru, the trip from Lima to Cuzco is one on the road. Immediately after to 156 m above sea level, lying capital, the road leads steeply uphill after 40 km and reaches the highest point of the course with 4843 meters above sea level. Document at a stop, usually to the extreme amount of pictures to tourists and locals behave very fast. They move slowly and somewhat slow. Running or brisk walking leads to gasp, sometimes even to dizziness or light flickering before the eyes. No sooner has crossed the pass and the mining town of La Oroya reached, will be met by a massive mining industry massively destroyed landscape. The following section of Huancayo up to Ayacucho rewarded with magnificent views and elongated valleys. Then the best part of the route follows up on Abancay . The road swings here 2500-4500 m above sea level and leads along endless valleys. The focus is almost always higher than the peaks of the surrounding mountains and allows views into huge canyons up to 2,000 m depth. With a little luck can vicunas are observed. Life at this altitude, being constantly exposed to the cold and the hardships are shared by the faces of the villagers. Here they are more cautious and reserved with strangers. Only on the monthly or sometimes weekly colorful markets, they are more accessible. Finally, they travel to far away to most of the larger cities. Only in the last section, the short piece of Abancay to Cuzco, the impact of tourism is again noticeable.
The area north of Lima, there is value to pay a visit. In addition to the pre-Columbian sites Caral and Sechin away, about 200 km and 400 km from Lima, is a road leading into the Andean city of Huaraz at about 3,000 m altitude. Huaraz is located in a wide valley on the eastern side of the snow-capped peaks of the Cordillera Blanca rise. On the western side there are the much lower and snow-free rock peaks of the Cordillera Negra . The area is also known as Peruvian Switzerland called. Towards Cordillera Blanca is located next to Chavin de Huantar the National Park Huascaran , in which also the highest mountain in Peru, the Nevado Huascaran is. From here you can also visit the magnificent mountain rain forest to Tingo Maria to be performed. On the coast a little further north lies the city of Trujillo, with the Chimu city of Chan Chan , the second major attraction of the country. Continue northwards branches off a road to Cajamarca . This city was the capital of the Inca Empire under Atahualpa , and the room with the ransom is still seen today. From here and from the northern coast (just after the town of Chiclayo ), roads lead to Chachapoyas , in which lived an impressive environment an eponymous race of tall, blond, fair-skinned people who disappeared during the Spanish arrived and left the fortress of Kuelap. In the city of Lambayeque, only about 10 kilometers from Chiclayo, the museum is concerned, “Señor de Sipan” with the great tomb near the village of Sipan and provides an impressive insight into the culture of Sipan. Many grave goods can be seen at the National Museum in Lima. On the north, between the cities of Piura and Tumbes on the Ecuadorian border, finally, the bathing area is a tropical climate.
The Manu National Park is a destination for many tourists from Cuzco. The area around the city of Pucallpa is far more interesting. From here there are numerous tours in the nearby Indian villages, which still largely reflect the natural life of the Indians. Tours that last at least three days to bring the visitors deep into the jungle area and allow the observation of many animals and the discovery of species-rich flora. The focus of the fish piranhas and the night of catching crocodiles in the dugout on the program. The move is purchased in the villages of the Indians food and picked fruit in season the rain forest. The only clean water is brought. You will sleep in simple huts or tropical jungle in the middle of the protection of a mosquito net . Day long boat trip on the supply freighter Rio Ucayali down as far as Iquitos take only a few, mostly youthful, tourists. Although this drive take a long time, they are always an experience.
The most famous hiking trail in South America, the Inca Trail , which runs from Cuzco to Machu Picchu. This road was in 1942 by the Swedish Viking expedition led by American and former film director Paul Fejos exposed rediscovered and gradually. Today there are different length variants, depending on where the entry into the trail. By the year 2001 the Inca Trail could be done alone or in groups. Due to the environmental impact of waste and destruction of historical sites by the campfire today only guided tours are allowed. In order not to harm the national park, a restriction was introduced to 180 people per day for the classic Inca Trail (500 persons / day for all types combined). These measures led to the walkers about six weeks in advance must register in order to get a place. Travelers can also briefly determined in Cuzco 2 to 5-day tour bookings, which are based on the classic Inca Trail, not to lead but by the same mountains, and have the goal of Machu Picchu. For the hike on the Inca Trail a normal physical condition is necessary. Due to the large amount should stay a few days to be scheduled in Cuzco. This should not be difficult, because Cuzco has many attractions in the surrounding area.
At kilometer 88 of the rail link Cusco / Aguas Calientes begins the classic Inca Trail. It takes about three passes, the highest point reaches 4,200 m. Inca ruins and wonderful views of the mountainous landscape of the rainforest and make this an adventure trail. The visitors will find beautiful orchids , many species of hummingbirds and waterfowl. The end point is reached after four days and culminates in a magnificent sight: Machu Picchu is at your feet.
Arequipa, the “White City” at the foot of the volcano El Misti is a city of millions in 2,350 m altitude. Worth seeing are the colonial town, the Cathedral and the Monastery of Santa Catalina. Arequipa tours of the surrounding mountain volcano El Misti (5,822 m) and Chanchani (6075 m) is possible, or trips to the spectacular canyons of the Rio Colca and Cotahuasi the river. For the ascent of the mountains are net planned two days, and you will be brought on the first day with a jeep in makeshift mountain camp, and then to make the summit at dawn rise. Generally considered these mountains as the easiest to besteigende (almost) the world 6000. Prices are per person from $ 90US including fleece and equipment. It is however important to note that rises to such heights can be dangerous even for experienced travelers without acclimatization and can often make the weather a summit ascent of a spanner in the works. A safe experience on the other hand, the Colca Canyon. With a little luck we can observe here a condor up close.
Cajamarca is a place full of history. She was an important Inca city in the Andean road Cusco and Quito joined. It was here where Pizarro the Inca Atahualpa, imprisoned, blackmailed and eventually killed. The old town offers a beautiful setting for delicious colonial Andean food. On tours of the area you can discover the engineering of the Incas, caves with petroglyphs, historic hot springs, beautiful waterfalls.
The nearest large coastal town north of Trujillo Chiclayo. In the rapidly growing modern city, there is little historical places of interest, but subject to the inhabitants as the friendliest in all of Peru.
The archaeological sensation was discovered about 30 km southeast of the city: a ungeplündertes royal grave of the Moche culture. In Lambayeque, the most valuable artifacts of the “Señor de Sipan” are on display in a museum.
It’s worth a trip to the 20 kilometers to Pimentel. It does best as a backpacker from Chiclayo, a so-called Colectivo. These are old American road cruisers, which carry up to 6 passengers. (Do not enter the front, where one is clamped quickly between the driver and second passenger!) The driver always waits until the Colectivo is full, so you should try to find a Colectivo, which is already partially filled. The stop for Colectivos by Pimentel is located on the Plaza . La Plazuela The journey currently costs per passenger and a sol is usually paid during the journey, the driver asks for pasaje (pronounced pasache). It is important to give only fitting, since the driver at times like bills or otherwise refuses to watch that does not change is wrong.
You can also take a taxi. You should only accept a yellow taxi, because those are the registered taxis. The fare is negotiated, as elsewhere in Peru before the ride with the driver. It should not exceed 10 soles to Pimentel. If the driver has made a good ride, it can be (if you want to stay only about 1/2 hour) and ask them to make the journey back and wait. This is usually happy to accept, as the driver even in this case is not in danger, without having to drive back passengers. The outward journey is nonetheless already paid directly to the outbound journey.
The food in Peru varies from region to region. In coastal regions, ceviche recommended (raw fish or seafood) with lime juice, marinated red onions and cilantro (by the sharpness of the lemon, the fish is cooked, so to speak). It is served with sweet potatoes and corn on the cob. In the mountainous regions where there is the local meat: guinea pig and alpaca. It’s a bit of getting used to eat a guinea pig (especially if cuy al horno , that guinea pig is out of the oven) as it is served as a whole, with its mouth wide open and is cut only at the plate, but it tastes very good. Of course you can get in Peru as “normal” food, the beef is very good, juicy and cooked usually very tasty, and chicken is very common, such as aji de gallina , or simply pollo a la plancha (gebratetens chicken). Rice and potatoes at a traditional Peruvian food are required. For meat, chopped red onions are often served with lime juice, which tastes very good. The appetizers are also often made from potatoes and can be recommended also very: papa a la huancayina (topped potatoes, egg and olives with a sort of pepper sauce), causa (mashed potatoes mixed with lime juice, filled with tuna and Zwieblen), papa rellena ( mashed potatoes stuffed with meat or tuna baked in the oven). Also palta rellena (avocado stuffed with chicken or shrimp and vegetables), or Tallarines verdes (green noodles, with a sort of spinach sauce) are often found. There is little real butter, just margarine, but you can recommend white bread with olive oil and salt, or bread with fresh avocado (palta) very much.
To get updated very often drink mainly gaseosas what you would call us as soft drinks (ie Coke, Fanta, etc.), soft drinks also get updated very often, then this is just a lemon juice with water and sugar. A special “Gaseosa” is Inca Kola, a bright yellow unusual drink. Drinking milk is not recommended, there are (at least in the cities), only long-life milk (UHT milk), sometimes even at doses (thickened milk that you can dilute with water). Healthy fresh fruit juices that you get on, especially markets. Bottled water only get updated very often, and it often tastes of chlorine.
Fruits are in abundance, apples and strawberries will be seen, as pineapples, custard apples, papayas and other fruits.