Perth is the capital of the Australian state of Western Australia .Perth on 12 August 1829 by the Swan River near its confluence with the Indian Ocean by Captain James Stirling founded with the aim to prevent the French from the settlement of the West Australian. The official founding of Perth was in 1856. The city was at the request of the British War and Colonial Secretary, Sir George Murray, after the Scottish city of Perth named, in which he was born. The nearest major city Adelaide is 2139 km away. Today, about 1.65 million inhabitants live in Perth and approximately 1.8 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area of Perth.
Perth called in the true sense of the Perth metropolitan area, the Perth metropolitan area. It consists today of 30 separate municipalities with their own governments ( Local Government Areas ). The actual City of Perth is relatively small. It houses, among other things, the financial district and stock exchange, the entertainment district of Northbridge, a shopping mall as a pedestrian zone (Hay Street / Murray Street) and the seat of the Parliament. It has just over 12,000 residents. The chairman of the Perth City Council is also the Lord Mayor and the chief representative of the whole city. In 2007, Lisa Scaffidi first elected woman in this position.
The area’s fourth-largest Australian city has become the size of 5400 square kilometers and crossed extends from the beaches along the Indian Ocean eastward to the foothills of the Darling Range . The center is located about ten kilometers as the crow flies from the Indian Ocean inland. The city lies where the Swan River expands into a lake. The river mouth was in 1886 by the hydraulic engineer CY O’Connor developed the harbor, but it belongs to the independent city of Fremantle . The Swan River will not frequented by large ships.
As the “soul of the city” is described by many citizens of Perth, the Kings Park , a 400-acre site on the outskirts of the city, which consists to a large extent still in pristine Australian bushland. The southern part of the park is occupied by the Botanic Garden. There is a restaurant, sports facilities, monuments, an open-air cinema and space for picnics and walks. From the top of the park you have a look at the Swan River, which widens at this point to a lake, and on the glass and concrete buildings on its banks. They are a result of the Western Australian natural resource boom. Here some old buildings for modern buildings was removed. Perth, founded in 1829 by British settlers, has some old buildings such as the Government House (1864), the Deanery (1859), the Town Hall (1867) or the His Majesty’s Theatre (1904). The oldest park in Stirling Gardens (1845), the oldest building is the Old Courthouse (1836). The tallest building in Perth is the high-rise Central Park with 226 meters and 51 floors, followed by the West Bank building at 214 meters and 52 floors.
Perth is one of the city of sailing and water sports. The water temperature in the Indian Ocean is due to an ocean current that comes from the Antarctic, is relatively low and stable at 20 to 22 ° C. Popular destination – including divers – is located off the coast of the island ‘ Rottnest Iceland “(in the local dialect referred to as” Rotto “). Perth’s Catholic and Anglican Archbishop seat and including a major financial center. Also here is one of two mints of the continent Australia. Perth is the western terminus of the Trans-Australian Railway , the Indian Pacific Railway through the Nullarbor desert as far as Sydney leads. From 3 to 18 December 2011 in Perth, the RS: X fought World Windsurfing Championships.