Penang refers to both the 285 square kilometer island in the Straits of Malacca , and the same state of Malaysia , to the outside of the island even more Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley ), a coastal strip the Malay peninsula is one.
The Penang Island lies off the west coast of the Malay Peninsula and has at the east and west coasts larger alluvial plains in the north remained the only tropical rain forest preserved. It is mostly Malaysians of Chinese descent, but also of Malays and Malaysians of Indian origin lived. The capital is the island located in the north-east of Georgetown , live in the more than 400,000 inhabitants (including the surrounding areas).
Besides tourism, the electronics industry is one of the important economic factors in Penang. Their settlement is in several free trade zones ( free trade zones ) funded by tax benefits.On the state of Penang, belonging to the strip of mainland Seberang Perai in the town of Butterworth manufactures Siemens VDO Automotive, automotive accessories for car manufacturers such as Proton . Among other semiconductor companies that operate here Osram Opto Semiconductors and AMD a production facility. In addition to Kuala Lumpur and Johor Bahru, Penang is the third most important trading center in Malaysia.