Paramaribo is the capital and one of ten districts of the Republic of Suriname in South America. The city is located on the left bank of the river Surinam , about 23 km upstream from the Atlantic away. The architecture of Paramaribo is a mixture of Dutch, French and later American influences. These factors are closely related to the historical developments that have gone through the country. This Paramaribo has developed a totally unique style, which were mainly of wood and bricks used less. Particularly reflects the multi-ethnic and multi-religious composition of the population in the multitude of different and differently designed religious buildings such as churches, synagogues, mosques and temples.
The name Paramaribo is probably one of Karibendorf , Parmirbo derived. In 1613 the two Dutch founded Dirck van Claeszoon Sanen and Nicolaas Baliestel a small trading company in the near Parmirbo on the western shore of Suriname . To protect against raids by Caribs of the post was surrounded by palisades. After several failed attempts by Europeans to permanently settle, the items fell into British hands in 1651. The British built the post on behalf of Francis Willoughby into a fort, Fort Willoughby. They settled, however, further south, about 50 km away from the fort on the Suriname River to. As the center of the newly taken territory in possession of the English founded their city Torarica.
In 1667 the area of which is Zealanders under Abraham Crijnssen conquered. The fort was then called Fort Zeelandia and the place was renamed Paramaribo for a short time in New Middelburg. This was the fort to the center of the colony. From the fort, the city spread out just to the west and then south. Nevertheless, there was the city itself in 1683, only a collection of 27 buildings. Only from the year 1790 there have been reports of the census of more than 1,000 buildings.
The city was destroyed by two major fires in 1821 and 1832 in parts. After the abolition of slavery in 1863 and the expiration of the ten-year work requirement in 1873 (staatstoezicht) many ex-slaves moved to the city. This is the first major urban expansion was necessary. After 1950 it came by the increase of urban population to other major construction projects. In 1987 Suriname was carried out in a territorial reform and administrative reorganization. The district of Paramaribo was here divided into 12 departments.