Palma de Mallorca, in the years 2008 to 2011, only Palma is known as the capital of the Spanish Mediterranean island of Majorca and seat of the autonomous government of the Balearic Islands. Palma de Mallorca is the supply center of the Balearic Islands, where in addition to the government and the largest port, the largest airport and is the most infrastructure. In addition, the city is a magnet for tourists, as are offered mainly by the scattered excursions on the island of hotels here.
In early October 2008, the addition of “de Mallorca” in the name of the town and the municipality of Palma in the Spanish local registers are cleared. Thus, an implementation of the 1998 Santander dating application. Since the summer of 2011, the ruling new city government in Palma de Mallorca on the 16th by a City Council decision November 2011 be reversed. The city’s official name since the 16th November again in 2011 in Palma de Mallorca.
Palma de Mallorca stretches along the bay of Palma on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea to the west of the island. The agglomeration of the city is about 30 miles long and goes along the coast of Magaluf in the west to Arenal in the east. Here live with about 500,000 inhabitants, more than half the population of Majorca. Northwest of the city lies the Serra de Tramuntana and northeast some smaller hills that separate Palma de Mallorca, Mallorca from the central level. To the east stretches along the coastline of sandy beach Platja de Palma, about ten kilometers to Arenal. To the west lies the bay Cala Major.
In the year 123 BC, conquered Quintus Caecilius Metellus with his fleet since 5000 BC (Talayotic) populated island of Mallorca. One of his first acts in office was founded by the Roman consul, the city of Palma (then known as Palmaria palmensis). After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 4th Century began the decline of the city, the first with the conquest by the Arabs was stopped 903rd They grew up in an Arab-Islamic culture Palma and were 1229 by the Aragonese expelled from the island. Subsequently, the Kingdom of Mallorca was founded (1276), which fell in 1343 but returned to the extinction of the ruler line back to the House of Aragon. The Aragonese built from the city, including through the establishment of the cathedral of La Seu and the city walls, so that they in their heyday 16th Century was one of about 40,000 inhabitants. Together with Aragon Mallorca came later to Spain, to which it belongs today. A new upswing in the early 20th A century, when many buildings in the style of modernism emerged. After the Second World War began the mass tourism on Mallorca, which provides the city since a good economic base.