Padua is one of the oldest cities in Italy. It has 214 198 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2010) and is on the edge of the Po Valley, 30 km west of Venice on the river Bacchiglione and is the capital of the northern Italian province of Padua. Padua is one of the oldest cities in Italy. According to legend, it was by the Trojan Antenor founded around 1184 BC. Demonstrated is that in the 4th Century BC, the river was Bacchiglione a fishing village. Soon the region became an important center of the Veneti. 302 BC defeated the Paduan army the Spartan king Cleonymus back.
After the defeat of the Gauls against the Romans around 215 BC, the territory of the Veneti in the Roman Empire and incorporated Patavium Padua and became one of the most important and richest trading cities of the Roman Empire. 45 BC, the city gained the status of a municipality. Padua in 59 BC, the Roman historian was Livy born.
According to legend, the Holy Prosdocimus the area in the first Century have been converted to Christianity and be the first bishop of Padua. 421 founded the Paduans on Rialto a port city. After Padua 452 of Attila and destroyed by Narses had been rebuilt, it fell to the Lombards. 601 rose the town against King Agilulf, which they captured after 12 years of bloody siege and burned. The ancient Padua was destroyed and the remains of the amphitheater and some bridge foundations are the only thing that still exists today.
Padua has many attractions, including the famous Basilica of Saint Anthony and his tomb. In addition, the is Santa Giustina in Padua, in which the grave of St. Luke is. The Prato della Valle is the number three largest interior city square in Europe, in after the Red Square in Moscow and the Place de la Concorde Paris. The university is located in the heart of the city, attractions include the Teatro anatomico and Bò, the main building and headquarters of the law school. The Scrovegni chapel is because of its frescoes by Giotto in art history very much. Also still have the Palazzo della Ragione, the secret emblem of Padua, founded in 1545 and the Botanical Garden (now the World Cultural Heritage) to call. The Coffee Shop Pedrocchi, former meeting place of intellectuals, is one of the inevitable sights. Besides, there is the remains of the old castle (la Specola), in which the Astronomical Institute of the University is a museum about the history and old methods of teaching astronomy. In the Old Town are located from of the Romans time some of the oldest segment arch bridges of the world, the but lie nowadays predominantly inaccessible: of the Ponte San Lorenzo, of the Ponte Molino, of the Ponte Altinate and of the Ponte Corvo.