Norway or The Kingdom of Norway is a country in Northern Europe. Norway is on the Scandinavian peninsula, bordered to the east by Sweden and the northeast by Finland and Russia. The Norwegian Economic Zone in the North Sea in the south as the Denmark and to the west of Scotland. Norway’s state form is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The Kingdom is a decentralized unitary state organization.
The geography of Norway’s mountains and barren plains, the fells, dominated. 26 peaks above 2,300 meters. The highest point of the mainland is the Galdhøpiggen with 2469 meters. He is in the mountain range Jotunheimen. The 25,000-kilometer-long Atlantic coast (including the coasts of all islands over 80,000 kilometers) consists of huge number of small and deep bays, bringing the sea water far inland. Without these fjords and bays of the Atlantic border is 2650 kilometers long.
The border with Sweden is 1619 km long, to Finland and 727 km to Russia 196 km. About 150,000 islands around the country, the well-known island groups are the Lofoten and Vesterålen. Inland, make high waterfalls and rivers teeming with fish, the surface structure. With an area of 365 square kilometers of Mjøsa Lake is the largest inland lake. The longest river in the country, the Glomma is, 601 miles long and empties into the Oslo Fjord. As the largest inhabited island, the statistics the Hinnøya (2204 square kilometers) in northern Norway.
In addition to Oslo (586 000 inhabitants), Norway has four other cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, are the mountains, Trondheim, Stavanger and the so-called “twin cities” Fredrikstad / Sarpsborg. The Kingdom of Norway are adjacent to the continental “mainland” (hovedlandet) and the North Atlantic and Arctic Ocean, the island group of Svalbard with Spitsbergen and Bear Island, and the island of Jan Mayen in the North Atlantic.
Under the Norwegian administration also is Bouvet Island in the Southern Ocean. It is not considered as part of the Kingdom of Norway, but as a “by country” (biland). In addition, two areas south of the 60th Latitude of Norway respectively as biland claimed, but which are not recognized internationally as Norwegian territory. This is the Peter I Island in the Southern Ocean and the so-called Queen Maud Land in Antarctica, a sector of the Antarctic continent between 20° West and 45° East.