Nahuel Huapi National Park is the oldest national park in Patagonia in the foothills of the Andes in Argentina . It was founded in 1934, but the heart is formed by the area Perito Moreno in 1903 gave the federal government. The park is about 7050 km ² and is located in the southwestern provinces of Neuquen and in the northwest of Río Negro bordering Chile . The largest city in the park and a base for tourism is San Carlos de Bariloche . Also, Villa La Angostura is located within the park.
There are many lakes in the park, such as Nahuel Huapi Lake , Lake Mascardi, Lago Gutiérrez, Lago Traful, Lake Moreno and Lake Guillelmo. The area is known as the Argentine Lake District . Lago Nahuel Huapi contains several islands such as Isla Huemul. The Quetrihue peninsula in the north of the lake is a separate national park, national park Los Arrayanes . The mountain Cerro Catedral is 2388 m high and a major ski resort. Cerro Tronador, on the Chilean border, is the highest mountain in the park with 3491 m in the north it borders the National Park Lanín.
The park has a rich flora with many biotopes. The altitude varies from 700 to 3000 m Precipitation ranges from the rain forest with 4000 mm / year on the western slopes to the steppes with less than 300 mm / year in the east. The Patagonian cypress is a slow growing conifer in the park. Other species include the Arrayanes, coihues, ferns, reeds colihue de cana, Lengas, Ñires, amancayes and arvejillas. The Llao Llao fungus causes irregular growth of trees and is the symbol of the area. Animals include otters, huemuls, pudus, guanacos, Maras, parakeets and condors.