The Fuji is a volcano , and with 3776 m altitude above sea level the highest mountain in Japan . It lies on the main Japanese island of Honshu on the border between the prefectures of Yamanashi and Shizuoka , where its peak is located.The Fuji is located in the contact zone of the Eurasian plate , the Pacific Plate and the Philippine plate and one of the stratovolcanoes (volcanoes layer) of the Pacific Ring of Fire . He is classified as active with a low risk of eruption.
Scientists believe that the Fuji was formed in four different sections of volcanic activity: the first section ( Sen-komitake ) consists of one deep in the mountains lying Andesitkern . Then came Komitake Fuji , a basalt layer , presumed to be that it was formed in front of several hundred thousand years. About 100,000 years ago formed the “Old Fuji” on the surface of Komitake Fuji . From the modern, “new” Fuji is believed that it originated around 10,000 years ago on the old Fuji. The last known eruption occurred in the Edo period on 16 December 1707 and lasted about two weeks. At that time, formed halfway down, a second crater, and a second peak, after the name of the era Hoei-zan named.
The mountain, which in Shinto is considered sacred, was allegedly the first 663 of an unknown monk climbed. Until the Meiji era of the mountain tops for women was forbidden. Today, Fuji is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Japan. Thanks to its form the mountain is in comparison to other three peaks to climb relatively easy. In summer, when the ascent is released on three different routes to the public, there are about 3,000 tourists a day at the summit.
The highest with regular transport to reach station Gogōme ( 五合目 , 5th station) is located at about 2,300 m. The road is there for the Obon -time only for buses opened. A particularly nice view from the summit offers when the sun sets over the Pacific rises. Many climbers to put in one of the huts located at 3000-3400 m and a rest break to 2 clock at night again. Nearby lies the forest Aokigahara , characterized by a high number there perpetrated suicide has become known.