Montenegro is a republic in the south-eastern Adriatic coast in south-eastern Europe. It borders Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo and Albania. After nearly ninety years of Montenegro Yugoslavia had heard it since 3 June 2006 independent again. The Balkan state with approximately 625,000 inhabitants (census 2011: 625 266) and an area of 13.812 km², one of the smaller states of Europe – in terms of area slightly smaller than Schleswig-Holstein. The capital is Podgorica. The main industry is tourism on the Montenegrin coast.
Montenegro is a member of the United Nations, the WTO, the OSCE and the Council of Europe. In addition, Montenegro is an official candidate for accession to the European Union and NATO.
The official language of Montenegro is under the Constitution of 19 October 2007 Montenegrin, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian. Article 11 of the 11 May 2006 adopted minority law, however, permitted the use of minority languages as official languages in communities where the concerned minority to majority or a significant portion of the population is what provides the Montenegrin authorities some leeway. In 2002, decided minority law of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, wrote the other hand, the proportion had a minority of the total population of a municipality at least 15% after the last census, in order to recognize their language as an official language at the community level.
Both the Latin and the Cyrillic alphabet are in use. Especially in the coastal tourist regions, the Cyrillic increasingly replaced by the Latin alphabet. Regarding the name of the language, there are just as different opinions regarding the nationality designation among the population. In the census of 2011 42.9% of the population and 37.0% gave Serbian Montenegrin as their mother tongue to. Bosnian and Albanian as their mother tongue accounted for 5,3%.