Monte Alban was the capital of the Zapotec and is located 10 km from the city of Oaxaca in the same state of Oaxaca (Mexico). Monte Alban is located 2,000 m above sea level on an artificially flattened hilltop and was the religious center of the Zapotec, Mixtec later. Its flowering period is between 300 and 900 AD The early days of settlement of Monte Alban were according to previous findings in the eighth Century BC Preserved are remains of extensive residential and religious buildings, an observatory, grave chambers, with sculptures and murals. 1987 Monte Albán in the UNESCO world heritage site recorded.
In Monte Alban were several pyramids , temples and tombs as well as major reliefs and sculptures exposed. In the midst of major space of the system is regularly Mesoamerikanisches ballgame presented. The monumental center of Monte Alban is the main square, which measures about 300 x 200 m. The main ceremonial and residential structures are located around it or in its immediate neighborhood, and most have been researched and restored by Alfonso Caso and his colleagues. In the north and south of the main square is bordered by large platforms that are accessible from the site of monumental stairs. At its eastern and western sides of the square by a number of smaller hills platforms on which are temples and homes of the elite, and limited one of two known ball courts. Playing field, the most grave reliefs and painted chambers are from the period of Monte Albán III (200 – 900 AD). During this period, subjects were combined in the frescoes of Teotihuacan with hieroglyphs and symbols of the Zapotec. The center of the square is occupied by a north-south spine of hills and also served as platforms for cult structures.
Relief “Danzante” in Monte Albán in Oaxaca – A characteristic of Monte Alban is the large number of monuments of carved stones, which are met in the square. The earliest examples are the so-called Danzantes (Spanish: Dancing), which were mainly found in the vicinity of Building L, showing naked men in curved and twisted poses, some of them genitally mutilated. The view of the 19th Century, that they are dancers, is now largely discredited. These relief panels , the earliest period of the Monte Albán I – count (600 100 BC) show clearly tortured , sacrificed war prisoners , including some identified by name and shown some chiefs of the rival town centers and villages of Monte Albán were occupied. Over 300 Danzantes -pillars, reminiscent of Olmec representations and the ancient hieroglyphs of Mesoamerica have  , have been recorded to date and some of the best preserved in the museum can be viewed on site.
Building J at Monte Alban – Another type of stone was found near Building J at the center of the square, a building that is characterized by an unusual, arrow same outline and differentiated by a completely different direction to most other structures of the place. Built into the walls of the building over 40 large carved panels, which are dated to the Monte Alban II period and place names represent, occasionally accompanied by additional characters and in many cases by hanging upside down heads are characterized. Alfonso Caso was the first identified this rock as a sign of conquest, the list probably places that claimed captured the elite as Monte Alban and / or controlled. Some of the places listed on the plates in Building J, were tentatively identified and in one case (the Cañada de Cuicatlán region in northern Oaxaca Valley) was the Zapotec conquest through archaeological research and excavations confirmed.
Many of you in Monte Alban excavated artifacts from more than a century of archaeological research in Mexico’s National Anthropology Museum and the Regional Museum of Oaxaca in the former convent of Santo Domingo de Guzmán are seen in Oaxaca. The last-mentioned museums, many of the objects that were discovered in 1932 by Alfonso Caso at Monte Alban in grave 7, a Zapotekengrab the classical period that was used in post-classical times for burials of Mixtec elite member. Their funeral was attended by some of the most spectacular offerings, yet found in America (Caso 1932). Since the Mixtecs an advanced metalworking dominated, there were silver and gold objects, jewelry with semiprecious stones and bone carvings with hieroglyphs and inscriptions calendar among the offerings. Their multi-colored painted pottery in the style of their manuscripts show the change of power at Monte Alban, which was not occupied by the Mixtecs