Modena is a northern Italian university town with 184 663 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2010), at the southern edge of the Po Valley located. She is a modern industrial city with a historic center (Centro Storico). It is located in the region Emilia-Romagna and is the capital of the province of Modena. The University, based in Modena and Reggio Emilia was founded in 1175th There is also an Academy of Sciences and Arts, a geophysical observatory, a military academy and a botanical garden. Modena is a seat of archbishop.
Modena has its origins in the original Etruscan settlement Muoina. It was the beginning of the 4th Century BC by the Celtic Boii and was captured during the war Celts in 222 BC as Mutina in the possession of the Romans, the Roman rule, but in the early years of uprisings by the Boii and the invasion of Hannibal at risk in northern Italy was. 183 BC was Mutina by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus seat of a Roman colony in the province of Gallia cisalpina.
The Roman city was immediately southeast of the modern city and is located several meters below. Had in the Empire, the city seems to have some significance. Their vineyards and potteries are of Pliny mentions, the latter operated a considerable export trade. The territory bordering on the seems of Bologna and Rhegium, and in the south to have been extended to the Apennines.
During the civil war remained 78 BC Marcus Junius Brutus within the city walls against Gnaeus Pompey Magnus. 43 BC the city was during the war Mutinensischen by Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus, the Octavian and the consuls Aulus Hirtius and Gaius Pansa Vibius Caetronianus provided assistance, successfully against a four-month siege by Marcus Antonius defended (Battle of Mutina). In the 4th Mutina century gradually fell. The depredations of Attila and the problems were the Lombard period it back as a ruined city in a desert. In the 7th Century, perhaps because of a terrible flood, 6 km north-west of the site of today Cittanova founded a new city, Cape Geminiana.