Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria in Australia . It is with 3.37 million inhabitants (2006) for Sydney ‘s second largest city of the Australian continent . In the metropolitan area ( Melbourne Statistical Division ) live 4.08 million people (2006). The people of Melbourne are called in English “Melburnians”. in Melbourne in 1837 after the then British Prime Minister Lord Melbourne named and is a Catholic and an Anglican archbishop’s seat.
The core of the City of Melbourne City with 71 380 inhabitants (2006) and 30 other communities existing agglomeration is the most important economic, cultural and political center of Victoria. The population of the city include many immigrants , the Chinese, British, Greek, Italian, Irish, Croatian and Vietnamese origin. Based on surveys of the magazine The Economist has been in Melbourne in 2002, 2004, 2005 and 2011 voted the most livable city in the world (taking into account the cultural realities of the climate, the cost of living and the social environment).
The city is situated on the Yarra River near its mouth into Port Phillip Bay, averaging 14 meters above sea level . The urban area ( Urbanized Area ) has an area of 1705 square kilometers. It is the second largest city in Australia after Sydney. The metropolitan area ( Melbourne Statistical Division ) has an area of 8830 square kilometers. It extends from north to south about 70 kilometers from east to west about 50 miles. The geographic coordinates are 37.49 degree latitude and 144.57 degrees east longitude. So Melbourne is the southernmost city in the world millions .