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Meenakshi Amman Temple, India

by WCC on March 13, 2012

in Asia

The Meenakshi Amman Temple is a Hindu temple in the city of Madurai in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu . He is Minakshi , a local manifestation of the goddess Parvati and her husband Sundareshvara ( Shiva ) ordained that should have married the myth, in Madurai. In contrast to most other Hindu temples in Madurai is the goddess at the center of worship. The oldest parts of the Minakshi Temple date back to the Pandya -period of the 12th-13th Century, the temple was given its present form but mainly during the Nayak rule in the 16th-17th Century.

Meenakshi Amman Temple 550x366 Meenakshi Amman Temple, India

Meenakshi Amman Temple

The Meenakshi temple is one of the most outstanding examples of Dravidian temple architecture . As it is characteristic of the style is, the temple has a rectangular plan and is based on geometrical principles. The over six acres very extensive temple complex consists of three concentric areas, which are built around the two main shrines dedicated to Meenakshi and Sundareshvara around. Inside the maze temple complex, there are many other elements, including corridors, several large porches and a temple pond. The twelve towering gopurams (gate towers) of the temple are lush and colorful painted decorative figures provided highly visible and dominate the cityscape Madurais. Also, the city layout Madurais depends on the Minakshi Temple, which is the center of town and is surrounded by several concentric ring roads.

Like almost every major South Indian temples of Madurai, the temple also has its own local legend (sthalapurana) , which tells the mythical story of the temple. The local legend of Meenakshi Temple is titled Tiruvilaiyadarpuranam . [1] It is in two Tamil language versions (one by the author Perubatrapulliyur Nambi from the 12th century and one of Paranchodimunivar from the early 16th century) and a Sanskrit version of the title Halasyamahatmya handed. The founding legend of the temple of Madurai is as follows:

The god Indra committed a sin by a Brahmin killed. Plagued by remorse, he went from heaven to earth. As he there a grove of Kadamba trees by step, he felt suddenly relieved of his burden. Under a Kadamba tree next to a pond, Indra discovered a linga (symbol of Shiva). Indra worshiped the Linga and built around it a little shrine. In one of the lingas that are worshiped today in the Minakshi temple, it should be just about that Linga. One day the merchant Dhanajaya spent a night in that shrine and saw that the gods worshiped the linga. He told the Pandya King Kulasekara, who ruled in the nearby town Manavur, from what he had seen. On the same day the dream of Shiva Kulasekara had been instructed in the place, the Dhanajaya would call him to build a temple and a city. At this sign of the founding king and founded the temple in Madurai.

The king’s successor Malayadhvaja had no children and performed a sacrifice in order to be saved from his childlessness. Then rose from the sacrificial fire Minakshi in the form of a three-year girl who had three breasts. A voice from heaven announced to the king, the girl would lose the excess breast when she would see her future husband. When she was grown up, Meenakshi was crowned queen. She took off with a large army to conquer the world. After they had been victorious in many battles, they came to Kailas Mountain (the abode of the gods) and challenged the army of Shiva. When she saw Shiva come to the battlefield, she lost her third breast and recognized him as her future husband. Shiva Meenakshi summoned to return to Madurai. A few days later he followed her and they married in a grand wedding ceremony. Together with Minakshi Shiva reigned under the name of Sundara Pandya of Madurai and performed many miraculous deeds. Kartikeya (Murugan) was born the son of the divine couple and followed by the name of his parents Ugra Pandya on the throne. Thereupon Shiva and Meenakshi went back into the temple and disappeared. The god Shiva, but always went back to work miracles, and remains the true ruler of Madurai.

meenakshi temple 550x368 Meenakshi Amman Temple, India

meenakshi temple

Meenakshi Amman Temple Inside 550x337 Meenakshi Amman Temple, India

Meenakshi Amman Temple Inside

Meenakshi Amman Temple India 550x412 Meenakshi Amman Temple, India

Meenakshi Amman Temple India

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