Medan (also: Kota Medan ) is the capital of the Indonesian province of Sumatra Utara (North Sumatra).The city spreads out on a coastal plain in the north-east of the island of Sumatra, where the city center about 20 km from the coast and the Strait of Malacca is located. On the coast is the port Belawan . More than 50 km to the southwest begins the Toba Batak or highlands. At its edge is the town of Berastagi , behind the volcano Sinabung and Lake Toba . Medan is the capital of the province of North Sumatra and it is the administrative district of Deli Serdang surrounded.
Medan in 1590 by Karo Batak and was founded in Kampung Medan (Medan village) or Medan Deli- called. The settlement developed in the field of tension between various sultanates : the mighty Aceh and the smaller Deli , Siak and Serdang . It originally belonged to Deli, before this 1612 Aceh was defeated and annexed. 1658 took over the Dutch settlement, put on tobacco plantations in 1860 and rose to the provincial capital of Medan, 1915 North Sumatra . Medan in 1823 had only 200 inhabitants, in 1918 already 43,900.
The city is just over two million people – after Jakarta and Surabaya – the third largest city of Indonesia and from Palembang , the largest city in the island of Sumatra . In the metropolitan region of Medan with the adjacent port Belawan live more than six million people. The population is next to Batak , the Mandailing are reported separately on occasion, and Malays (in the context of the transmigration program, immigrant) Javanese , Achinesen , Sundanese , Minangkabau and Chinese , but can also Sikh , Arab , and Tamil .