Manchester is a city in northwest England. Manchester has a population of 486 000 inhabitants and is competing with Birmingham to be ranked the second most important city in the UK (‘UK’s Second City’). Manchester is located in the center of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester, one of the largest conurbations in the UK with 2.6 million inhabitants (2006). The population of Manchester are “Mancunians” or shortened “Mancs” called.
Before the invasion of Britain by the Romans, the current urban area was in the territory of the Celtic tribe of the Brigantes. Gnaeus Julius Agricola was in 79 AD at the confluence of the Irwell and Medlock of a castle built. It was Manucium called the Latin word for “breast shaped hill”. The word orchestra is reminiscent of the Roman era and means camp (Castrum). After the Romans in 407 had left the UK, the area was uninhabited for a long time, until the 7th Century, the Anglo-Saxons settled. They founded a village called Mameceaster whence, then Manchester developed. The ruins of Roman fortifications were up to 18 Century and were visibly removed during the construction of a main railway line finally. A replica of the Roman fort was built in the district of Castlefield.
The main shopping streets are Market Street to King Street and Deansgate. In the New Cathedral Street and at Exchange Square are numerous, the Chinese quarter, the third largest Chinatown Britain, lies to the east of the city with Asian shops and restaurants. The Wilmslow Road in Rusholme district of the Indian quarter is that the nickname Curry Mile bears. A special feature are the many colorful neon signs, which advertise the catering and retail.
Around the Canal Street is the Gay Village, the gay and lesbian district of the city. At least since the 1940s, it is a meeting place for the scene in the early 1980s, the road began to be more open. Today, the Quarter one of the largest gay and lesbian cultural centers of Europe, with more than 40 bars, pubs, clubs and shops and is usually equal to Soho in London called. To a great fame has also aired from 1999 to 2000 British TV series Queer as Folk helped, especially when heterosexual audience. In late August each year is the Manchester Pride held in 2003 here was € Pride celebration. In the immediate vicinity is in Sackville Park, the Alan Turing Memorial.
Manchester is known for the two football clubs, in the English Premier League play: Manchester City and Manchester United. The stadium of Manchester United, Old Trafford, is located in Trafford, which belongs administratively to Stretford. In the year 2002 were Commonwealth Games at the newly built City of Manchester Stadium, home stadium since 2003 from Manchester City. The B of the Bang in front of the stadium, a 56 meter high sculpture in the form of an exploding firework, commemorates the ten-day sporting event. Through the establishment of the Aquatics Centre for the Commonwealth Games in Manchester now has a swimming pool for international sporting events. The Manchester Velodrome is the center of the British cycling track. Since 2005, in May the Great Manchester Run takes, the UK’s leading road race over 10 km.