The Madidi National Park (Spanish Parque Nacional Madidi , Quechua Madidi mamallaqta parki ) is a national park in the northwestern part of the South American landlocked Bolivia in the Department of La Paz , about 200 km north of the capital La Paz. The National Park stretches from the eastern foothills of the snowcapped Andes – Cordillera (68 ° 45 ‘W) to the western part of the tropical Amazon River region (67 ° 30 ‘) with the rivers Río Madidi, and Río Tuichi . Covering an area of 135 km from east to west, and an average width of 50 km, it covers an area of 18,958 km ², its easternmost point is situated near the town of Rurrenabaque on the Beni River . In the National Park there are 867 different birds registered. The park is a UNESCO World Heritage site and the 38 natural wonders of the world.
The great diversity of habitats determines the number of plant species. Previously there were 4838 species of vascular plants . The total flora of the region has about 5,000 species of plants, including: Tessaria integrifolia and Salix humboldtiana , they grow on alluvial environments, especially on the beaches of the rivers. In the cloud forests of the brow of the mountains, where the trees are covered with moss. There are also units of mixed vegetation of herbaceous species of trees. The species have been found so far are Schizachyrium condensatum and Trachypogon spicatus.
The fauna of the park with similar patterns of diversity respond to this extraordinary diversity of habitats. There are about 1370 species of vertebrates. There are approximately 156 species of mammals, some of which are spectacled bear, mountain cat, puma, jaguar,cat salt, North Andean deer, etc. 109 In Madidi, there are approximately 88 amphibians . 85% of amphibian species living in Bolivia’s Madidi National Park and 180 reptile species