Lyon is the capital of the region Rhône-Alpes and the Rhône département in southeastern France. With 479,803 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2009) it is after Paris and Marseille, the third largest city in the country. The 1.3 million inhabitants, metropolitan area is the second largest region after the Ile-de-France, the Paris region with about 11.5 million inhabitants. To argue this position, however, for many years, the cities of Lyon and Marseille.
The Old Lyons in 1998 by the UNESCO for World Heritage site declared. Lyons is the seat of the Episcopal Archdiocese of Lyon, the Roman Catholic Church in France. Bishop’s seat is the Cathedral of Lyons in the old town. Striking is the Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourviere, which overlooks the entire city. 1871, it was built on top of the hill.
The Lyon’s restaurant enjoys an excellent reputation. The variety of traditional cuisine found in the rare combination of alpine and near-navigable access to the Mediterranean origin. North of the city lies the vineyard Beaujolais, south of the city close to the Cotes du Rhone on. Historically, the city is closely associated with the canuts, the silk weavers linked, whose trade during the Industrial Revolution was the driving economic force. In addition, Lyon is a city of light is known, the annual honor on 8 December, the “Fête of Light” is celebrated. Lyon is the headquarters of the international police agency Interpol and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (International Agency for Research on Cancer, in short: IARC).