Luxembourg is a democratic state in Western Europe. With an area of 2586 square miles, Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries of the earth surface and (after Malta) is the second smallest member of the European Union. It is bordered to the south over 73 miles of France in the west over 148 miles of Belgium and at over 135 miles of East Germany. With Belgium and the Netherlands, it forms the so-called Benelux.
Luxembourg is a parliamentary monarchy and was among the original nine European grand duchies as a single until today. The country is a founding member of the European Economic Community (EEC) and plays an important role of European unification process. The capital of Luxembourg is the seat of the European Union. It is the seat of the European Court of Justice, the European Court of Auditors, the Secretariat of the European Parliament, the European Investment Bank, the European Commission services and the EFSF (“Euro-rescue”). Luxembourg is also the venue for the European Union Council (of Ministers).
The name derives from Luxembourg Lucilinburhuc from later Lützelburg (“Lützel” = “small”; see Frisian “lütt” English “little.”), a small castle, around which the (main) town of Luxembourg was founded. The country is a county in the former Holy Roman Empire emerged. Later Duke of Luxembourg was in the Congress of Vienna raised to the Grand Duke. Today is the last country the Grand Duchy in the world.