Los Nevados National Park is a national park in the center-west of Colombia in the departments of Caldas, Risaralda, Quindio and Tolima. Dominated by the volcano Nevado del Ruiz (5,300 meters), it covers 583 km 2. With over 50,000 visitors in 2009, is the third most visited national park in Colombia behind the national park’s natural coral Rosario and San Bernardo and the Tayrona National Natural Park.
You can find many flora and fauna there. The Los Nevados National Park is home to 1,250 species of vascular plants, 200 species of bryophytes, 300 species of lichens and 180 species of fungi macroscopic. On the lower slopes and in the Andean valleys, Ceroxylon quindiuense dominates. The upper Andean forest consists of trees up to 30 meters high. Remarkable birds include motmot houtouc, golden-cheeked conure, caique Fuertes, red-fronted Parrotlet, Andean condor, grallaire surrounded and ruddy duck. The helmeted hummingbird is endemic to the region. Mammals are represented by the mountain tapir, the spectacled bear, the northern pudu, the oncille, the cougar and the white-eared opossum.
In addition to the Nevado del Ruiz, seven volcanoes are located in the Park: Cerro Machin, Nevado del Tolima, Nevado Quindio, Santa Isabel, Cerro Congratulations, Páramo de Santa Rosa and Nevado el Cisne. The activity glacier carved the landscape, leaving U-shaped valleys and moraines. The magmatic rocks dominate above 3500 meters on the eastern frontage and 2,200 meters on the western façade. The Otún Lake, located in an extinct crater, 3 and Green Lake are in the area.
The park water system provides water to over two million seedlings of coffee in the region, and most of the rice and cotton is produced in the department of Tolima. The park is located in the departments of Caldas, Risaralda, Quindio and Tolima and divided between the municipalities of Villamaría, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Pereira, Salento and Ibague.