Lisbon is the capital and largest city of Portugal and the same administrative district and lies on a bay of the river mouth of the Tagus River in the extreme southwest of Europe on the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula.
The commercial port on the Tagus Cove was before the Roman domination of Ali Ubbo called. Lisbon, founded by the Phoenicians, received at the time of Julius Caesar under the name of Colonia Julia Felicitas Township law. 711 was the place like most of the Iberian Peninsula to the Moors, in the context of the Second Crusade in 1147 Lisbon Portuguese and thus again placed under Christian rule. Following the relocation of the royal seat of Coimbra , the city in 1256 under King Afonso III. the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal. Around 1500, Lisbon saw a brilliant ascent to one of the most prestigious trade and port cities of the time. A massive earthquake in 1755 sealed the economic decline of the city, which had been used decades earlier, insidious, and caused a sensation throughout Europe.
In the 19th Century saw a resurgence of Lisbon. In recent years, the city, however shrunk massively (by more than 800,000 inhabitants in 1980 to 500,000 in 2010), many people have moved into the surrounding countryside. Lisbon has to contend with serious structural problems, among which stand out above all the dilapidated buildings of many buildings and high traffic volumes.
As the largest city in Portugal is still the main port, the seat of government , the chief of state and government agencies, several universities and the Academy of Sciences Lisbon today is the political, economic and cultural center of the country. Lisbon is home to a number of agencies, European Union , including the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and the European Maritime Safety Agency . The Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries (CPLP) is headquartered in Lisbon.