Liechtenstein officially the Principality of Liechtenstein is a landlocked country in central Europe and a constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy. The sovereignty lies both with the people and the princes. The Alpine country is bordered to the west of the Liechtenstein Switzerland and east of Austria and is divided into two constituencies and eleven municipalities. The capital and royal seat of Vaduz, the biggest town is Schaan. The heavily cultivated north (Lowlands) and the less cultivated south (Oberland) characterize the landscape of the Principality.
Liechtenstein has a population of about 36,000, the smallest of the German states and also the only state in the German the sole official and national language is. Foreigners make up 33.2 percent.
The principality was the establishment of the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806 and is de facto independent since the introduction of a Customs Treaty in 1923, administratively and economically closely with Switzerland combined. The prince is a member of the Monarchy United Nations (UN) and the European Economic Area (EEA), but not the European Union (EU).