The Leshan Giant Buddha (Chinese 乐山 大佛 / 乐山 大佛 Leshan Dafo) is the world’s largest statue of Buddha made of stone. It was during the Tang Dynasty (618-907) carved from a cliff at the confluence of the rivers Min Jiang, Dadu and Qingyi near the city of Leshan, Sichuan Province in the southern part of China. The statue overlooks the mountain Emei Shan, while the rivers spread at their feet. Since 1982, the Buddha is on the list of monuments of the People’s Republic of China. In 1996 he was recorded together with the Emei Shan in the list of UNESCO world heritage.
The construction was begun under the direction of the 713 Chinese monk Haitong. It was hoped by the turbulent waters to calm down, which affected the navigation of the river. When he saw the funding of the project at risk, he should be a sign of his piety and sincerity of his eyes torn out. His students completed the work 90 years later. Apparently this massive construction resulted in huge amounts of stone from the rock and deposited in the river were removed, which changed its course and made it safe for passing ships.
The statue represents Maitreya, who is in Buddhism as the Buddha of the future and great future World Teacher. A characteristic feature of Buddhist art in the countries of Northern Buddhism (Tibet, Korea, China, Japan) Maitreya is in a sitting position (Sanskrit: Bhadrāsana, “lucky seat”) gezeigt.Seine hands resting on his knees.