Lake Malawi Tourism – The Lake Malawi (called Nyasa , Nyasa in Tanzania and Niassa in Mozambique, also in German Lake Nyasa called by Yao Nyasa “lake”) in East Africa is the ninth largest lake on earth. Its outlet is the Shire . The countries bordering the lake are Tanzania , Malawi and Mozambique.
With a length of 560 kilometers, a width of up to 80 kilometers (average 50 kilometers) and a depth of up to 704 meters of Lake Malawi is one of the largest African Great Lakes in the East African grave breach . He is only there in terms of its area of Lake Tanganyika and the Victoria surpassed.
The lake water is very clear. By the lake can look up on the ground. Countless live eagle at Lake Malawi. Care must be taken especially on hippos that are at sea and on land very agile and fast. Although they are herbivores , but access to people, if they cut off their escape routes to the open water. You try to hold their victims under water and drown. Every year more people come to death by hippos than by crocodiles , which find enough food in the fish-rich lake. If you drive to smaller, uninhabited islands, should be prepared for wild animals, including Seepythons and large monitor lizards . Inhabited places on the lake is relatively safe.
To the north, the shores are steep. On the north tower on the Tanzanian side the Livingstone Mountains, with steep walls up to almost 2,500 meters from the lake. This can occur with very strong winds and high waves treacherous fall winds. Who is sailing or wind surfing here, must comply with these hazards. The opposite side of the lake Malawi between Karonga and Chilumba is far less abrupt than those between Chilumba and Nkhata Bay.
Fauna in Lake Malawi
Lake Malawi is famous for its species richness in mouth brooding cichlids known. A total of almost 450 species of fish live in the lake, most of which are cichlids. Almost all of cichlid genera and species are endemic . Among the endemic cichlid species They form a species flock , consisting of a Haplochromis or Pseudocrenilabrus emerged-like ancestor. The ecologically linked to the rocky shores of the lake cichlid by the inhabitants of the lake shore mbuna called, the remaining Utaka . Apart from the cichlids in Lake Malawi are Nilhechte , various catfish , carp fish , tetras , a spiny ( Mastacembelus shiranus ) and three types of killifishes and live bearers before.
Many cichlids are popular aquarium fish . For human consumption are of importance to the Chambo, actually four cichlid species of the genus Oreochromis , and Kampango , a catfish ( Bagrus meridionalis ), which is also exported to. However, only the southernmost part of Lake Malawi is fished commercially for them. Even fishermen in dugout canoes to fish for them, but not in marketable quantities. To protect the breeding grounds of fish in 1980 on the southern shore of the lake at Monkey Bay of Lake Malawi National Park, established since 1984 also on the list of UNESCO – World Heritage Site stands.
Travel to Lake Malawi
Lake Malawi is on the passenger and freight traffic with the MS Ilala place. The ports are from south to north: Monkey Bay , Chipoka , Makanjila, Nkhotakota , Nkhata Bay , Port Mphandi, Ruarwe, Charo, Mlowe, Chilumba, Kambwe in Karonga . The round-trip Monkey Bay Karonga lasts five days. From Nkhata Bay to the islands twice a week Chizumulu and Likoma started. The district of Mangochi offers numerous hotels, lodges and camps for the best tourist infrastructure. Further north is the beach resort Senga with similarly good, but far less comprehensive offer. For backpackers in Nkhata Bay and have Cape MacLear established as goals.
Monkey Bay on the south shore of Lake Malawi with typical local boats Lake Malawi is only partially free of schistosomiasis . As a reason for the comparison with other African lakes lower prevalence of Schistosoma larvae in the water, a high magnesium content of water is suspected, but also, because cichlids eat snails, so the host animal of the schistosomiasis parasite. This is speculation. With a certain probability of coming Schistosoma generally in shallow water and estuaries from numerous than on sandy beaches, and in moving into deep water. For water testing in Malawi were regionally determined depending on the riparian vegetation, water depth and other factors, different concentrations of the pathogen. Each year large numbers of locals and tourists are Schistosoma infected, with the highest risk of disease to Cape Maclear is. Prior to 1985, were the open parts of the lake free of schistosomiasis pathogens, has since its occurrence, especially in the south, greatly increased . Maybe this is the overfishing of cichlids a cause.
History of Lake Malawi
Lake Malawi was the British explorer David Livingstone and his companions on 16 September 1859 “discovered”. In the colonial period was a railway line from Mtwara on the Indian Ocean to Mbamba Bay on Lake Malawi planned, but the plan was not realized. Today there are still plans, the rail line to build the so-called Mtwara Development Corridor to coal reserves to tap-in Mchuchuma Katewakegebiet and to create an alternative sea route to Malawi. Nkhotakota is one of the oldest market places of Africa south of Sahara . Its history is little explored. In Karonga is the place where the oldest to the genus Homo made fossils , which date from paleoanthropologists discovered. The more than two million years old, toothed lower jaw received the archive number UR 501 and was its discoverer, Friedemann Schrenk , as Homo rudolfensis classified.