The Garda one of the Italian lakes, the largest lake in Italy. Its ancient name was from about 200 BC to 800 AD benacus Lacus. The name is from an ancient deity called Benacus descended. The lake was the Rhaetian glaciers formed during the last ice age, traces of which can be followed today. First settlements date back to the lake shore around 2000 BC.
Between the Alps and the Po Valley , about 65 m above sea level, the lake is located in the north in the region of Trentino-Alto Adige, in the west of Lombardy, in the east in Veneto. This is divided between the provinces of Trentino (North), Verona (east) and Brescia (west) management. While the northern shore of the lake from two peaks of the Garda hills such as the Monte Baldo is fringed, the southern shore is already in the plane.
The lake is mainly by the river Sarca fed. This flows from the northern end of Torbole in the lake. As Mincio leaves the river at Peschiera del Garda, Lake Garda and later flows into the Po. In the lake there are several islands, the largest is located near Salo : Isola del Garda, the Villa Borghese. About 2 km south, also in the Bay of Manerba and San Felice, which is Isola San Biagio with its neighboring island “i Conigli” (Rabbit Island). San Biagio is a popular tourist destination, the (hip-deep depending on water levels or dry land), not only by boat, but also on foot from the mainland can be reached. Another island (Isola di Trimelone) exists Assenza (between Porto di Brenzone and Malcesine), this is a closed military zone and should not be entered.
The lake is a popular tourist destination. Around the lake there are numerous hotels, guesthouses, apartments and campsites. A large part of the holiday accommodation is open from late March to early October. The high season is July and especially August. During the winter months most of the hotels, cafes and restaurants are closed. On the south shore of the lake there are many theme parks such as Gardaland or Canevaworld. The north shore is popular with mountain bikers and surfers.