La Spezia is a town in the northern Italian region of Liguria, capital of the homonymous province. With 95 378 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2010), La Spezia, the second largest municipality in the region, according to the regional capital of Genoa.
The city lies at the eastern end of the Riviera di Levante and the region Liguria, a few kilometers from the regional border with Tuscany removed. It lies in a deep natural golf, which owes its name. The Gulf, also known as the Gulf of Poets is known, surrounded by a ridge whose highest point of Mount Parodi (673 meters) west of the center is. The municipality is a part of the Management Zone Authority di Bacino del Fiume Interregional Magra is, and a small portion of the territory of La Spezia (the settlement Tramonti) belongs to the National Park of Cinque Terre.
La Spezia is located on a narrow strip of land, the limit in the northern and western mountains and the sea in the south. One consequence is that a larger number of neighborhoods on the hills surrounding the urban structure has arisen and is therefore relatively irregular. To the city center to allow the expansion to the east direction, was in the thirties, even the hill Colle dei Cappuccini removed. In its place is now the Piazza Europa. The development in the west prevented the naval arsenal.
In the course of urban development have been numerous studies on the reclamation required. There was thus the area of today’s harbor as far as possible from Wetlands (popularly: Stagnoni). The Gulf of La Spezia, with an area of approximately 150 hectares, is a 2210 meters long breakwater of the Ligurian Sea separated. Two holes of approximately 400 meters and 200 provide access to. The bay itself has a length of 4.6 kilometers and a width of 3.2 kilometers. The special nature of the Gulf, the protection against storms and enemy attacks has had reason to that in La Spezia, one of the largest naval arsenals were built and are in course of time, one of the most important trading ports in the Mediterranean could develop.