Kyotois one of the most historically and culturally important cities in Japan . It lies to the west of the main Japanese island of Honshu in the metropolitan area of Kansai . Both characters of the present city name are each alone, ” Miyako “read and mean in Japanese literally means “royal residence”. Kyoto 794-1869 was the seat of the imperial court of Japan and is now the administrative center of Kyoto Prefecture . 14 temples and Shinto shrines were combined with three others in the neighboring towns of Uji and Ōtsu 1994 UNESCO – World Heritage Site Historic Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Shige) appointed.
Kyoto is about 400 kilometers southwest of Tōkyō in the Midwest of the Japanese main island of Honshu, about ten kilometers southwest of Lake Biwa and about 40 km from Osaka away. Because of its location in an open valley just to the south, the sultry air accumulates in the summer, the northern part of the city in winter is much colder than the neighboring cities of Osaka and Kobe . Unlike Kyoto, however, by the latter to over 1000 meters high mountains before typhoons largely protected and hardly prone to flooding.
The town is named after the traditional Chinese geomancy in a checkerboard fashion. The center and the south are the economic heart of the city. The tourist attractions are part of the center, a large part of the famous temple, however, lies in the northeast and northwest of the city or on mountain slopes in the area. Under the name Heian kyō Kyoto was 794 on the task of Heijo-Kyo ( Nara , 784) and a failed attempt in nearby Nagaoka kyō ( Nagaoka ) under Emperor Kammu (781-806), the second permanent capital of Japan . After Dokyo incident, the influence of Buddhist monasteries are pushed back by being banished to the new capital from the inner city area of about 4500 × 5200 meters.
The Heian period in which the political power emanated mainly from Kyoto (but soon no longer the emperor himself), lasted to 1185. During the Muromachi period resided from 1333 to 1568 then the first on the East Coast educated shogunate in Kyoto again, but lost it permanently in power. In the Edo period from 1603 to the political center of Japan finally moved away from Kyoto to the East Coast.
The modern city of Kyoto was established on 1 April 1889 in the wake of the reorganization of the Japanese community being from the districts Kamigyo-ku and Shimogyo-ku, on 10 April 1879 as part of the old city of Kyoto Prefecture ( Kyoto-fu was founded). On 1 April 1929, two of the new districts Higashiyama-ku, Moriguchi-ku-ku and Sakyo separated. As of 1 April 1931, incorporated a number of surrounding areas and therefore Fushimi-ku and Ukyo-ku emerged. On 1 September 1951 Kita-ku Kamigyo-ku, and was of Minami-ku-ku separated from Shimogyo. The last change of city structure took place on 1 October 1976 rather than Nishikyō-ku, Ukyo-ku, and Yamashina-ku, Higashiyama-ku were separated.