The Kruger National Park (often English Kruger National Park ) is the largest game reserve in South Africa . It is located in the northeast of the country in the Lowveld in the provinces of Mpumalanga and Limpopo . It stretches from the Crocodile River in the south to the Limpopo , the border to Mozambique in the north. The north-south extent is about 350 km east-west direction, the park is on average 54 km wide and covers an area of approximately 20,000 km ² . He is one of the largest national parks in Africa .
The reserve was established on 26 March 1898 under President Paul Kruger as the Sabie Game Reserve established to protect the wilderness. 1926 received the status of the area National Park and was renamed to its present name. In the park live 147 species of mammals including the ” Big Five “, as well as about 507 bird species and 114 reptile species , 49 fish species and 34 amphibian species .
The Kruger Park is 19 486 square kilometers, while one of the largest reserves in Africa, but in the dry season, the game has always been migrated to a large extent in the areas bordering the west of the park. In 1961 the west side completely fenced off and in 1975 was the same implemented on the east side, which prevented the migration of large animals in and out of the park. Today in the West are a number of private reserves, the Kruger National Park through the fences were often removed and the animals, at least within these protected areas, allowing unhindered movement across borders. In the north-east of the Kruger Park, the fences on the border with Mozambique were recently removed to wild movements and in the adjacent Limpopo National Park in Mozambique to provide. The goal is a large cross-border park named Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park . To allow tourists to move to Mozambique, were built between the park-new parts of border crossings, such as Giriyondo . In many parts of the park borders but still close to farmland.
Many big game resettlement in neighboring Limpopo National Park – including elephants, giraffes, zebras and buffalos – took place, and not all were successful. Parts of the relocated elephants herds are moved back to South Africa. It could take years to enhance the wildlife on the Mozambican side.