The demilitarized zone (DMZ) dividing the Korean peninsula de facto in the North and South Korea on. It was after the three-year Korean War, established in 1953 and runs from west-southwest to east-northeast across the peninsula, where it north of Seoul the 38th Latitude cuts, which formed the border until war broke out between the two countries.
The DMZ is 248 kilometers long and about four miles wide. In the midst of passing the Military Demarcation Line (MDL), the de facto border between North and South Korea. The DMZ is from the group consisting of representatives of both sides Armistice Commission MAC (of English. Military Armistice Commission administers). Access to the DMZ without permission of the Armistice Commission is prohibited from both sides basically.
After 1945 the Japanese surrender of World War II had taken his end, was the province of Chosen , which since 1910 in the area of the Japanese Empire annexed and colonized Korea’s equivalent of the Allies along the 38th Latitude in two divided zones of occupation. The South was of U.S. troops occupied, the north came under the control of the Red Army .
Dorasan is the last station before the border, travel to North Korea are intended, but not yet possible. Now that governments in both parts were brought the claim to the entire Korean peninsula, the conflict escalated in 1950 for the Korean War. The ceasefire agreement in 1953 establishing a demilitarized zone was regulated, which separates the two states from each other.
The tree that stood in the center of the conflict in 1976, were killed in the course of two U.S. soldiers. Given the fact that North and South Korea today formally in a state of war, it was in the DMZ so far only a few direct conflicts. In addition to a series of runs from both sides was a dispute in 1976 over the felling of a tree at the MDL, during which two U.S. soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army were killed, the only serious incident. In the period 1974-1990 a total of four tunnels were found, which were from the north to the DMZ, dug in the south to military units in case of war unscathed transported through the DMZ. It is believed that there are other, not yet discovered tunnel. Today, individual tunnel entrances of tourists are visiting.
With historical symbolism crossed on 2 October 2007, the South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun , the border and the demilitarized zone on foot and took on the same day in Pyongyang for a summit with the leaders of North Korea Kim Jong-il in part.