The Komodo National Park ( indon. Taman Nasional Komodo ) is located in Indonesia , in the Lesser Sunda Islands in the border provinces of Nusa Tenggara Timur and Barat Nusa Tenggara . It includes the three larger islands Komodo , Rinca and Padar , as well as numerous smaller, ² with a total land area of 603 km ², with a total area of national parks from 1817 km.
The park was established in 1980, originally as a sanctuary for the Komodo dragon . Later he was the preservation of the entire flora and fauna, also dedicated to the maritime sector. The waters around the islands are home to 1000 species of fish, 260 species of reef corals, 70 different types of sponges, 17 species of whales and dolphins and two species of sea turtles. Since the beginning of the protection measures, the dynamite fishing set and the coral-covered area increased by 60 percent. For divers, the park is popular for its biodiversity .
The larger mammals of the park are Asian in origin. The mane of deer , the main prey of the Komodo dragon dar. addition, there are wild pigs, cynomolgus monkeys, Fleckenmusangs ( Paradoxurus hermaphroditus lehmanni ), water buffaloes and horses. A special feature is the endemic rat Rattus rintjanus dar. The islands of the national park are of volcanic origin. In his area about 4,000 residents live in four settlements. In 1991 the park was by the UNESCO as a world natural heritage recognized. The town of Labuan Bajo on Flores is the starting point for most travelers.
Komodo dragons are the main attraction for tourists in Komodo National Park. Currently live within the Komodo National Park 3267 people in four villages immediately around the park live 16 816 people (2007). The tourism began in the 80s with the establishment of national parks in 1995/96 were around 30,000 tourists counted , of which 93% are foreigners, mainly Dutch, German, British, Americans and Australians. So far almost exclusively Komodo developed for tourism, making the most of the guests as part of a holiday in South East Asia on a day trip to the island. In 1995/96 gave tourists from around 1.1 million dollars on Komodo, criticism is that only about 1% of that money to residents of the National Park’s. Nevertheless, inclined, according to a survey of 1996, the majority of the population, the tourism : 92.7% said that they would be glad to see more tourists. Nevertheless, many voices have been raised that tourism did, the culture of the Lesser Sunda Islands, and that products and services became more expensive. 47.4% of the average poor people have complained that rich people would only benefit already, and 27.3% reported that their family would not benefit significantly from tourism. is also the controversial practice that is difficult to Komodo dragons observed with goats slaughtered at special “viewing” sites to attract tourists. Because the Komodo dragons are strongly bound to these sites and found in high concentrations, could be significantly influenced the spatial behavior and intraspecific aggression are favored, but the animals or people connected with food, and attack them in anticipation of food. On the other hand, is that the sale of goats as bait, the local population up to one third of their income from tourism brings.