Calcutta , officially Bengal Kolkata is the state capital of West Bengal in India . With 4.5 million inhabitants in the city proper (ie excluding the suburban belt), it is the seventh largest city in India and with 14.1 million inhabitants in the agglomeration (each census, 2011), the third largest metropolitan area in the country.
By setting up a base of the British East India Company in Calcutta in 1690 was one of the centers of the British Empire in India. Until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of British India . Today’s industrial city of Calcutta, transport hub and cultural center with universities, theaters, cinemas, museums and galleries and not least important Hindu pilgrimage site in connection with Kalighat , one of the most important temple in honor of the goddess Kali .
In the local Bengali language, the name of Calcutta কলকাতা Kolkata . During the British colonial period, the city received the English form of the name Calcutta [ kælkʌtə ]. The German name Calcutta is directed by the English in the spelling (only Cs were to Ks Germanized), is similar in pronunciation but neither the British nor the form of Bengali.
In 2001, the English name of the city official in Kolkata changed and thus corresponds to the Bengali name. How that occurred in the 1990 renaming of Bombay to Mumbai and Madras, Chennai, Calcutta’s name change reflects the anti-colonial and regionalist sentiments in Indian politics. The new form of the name Calcutta was included in the official language in Austria and Switzerland. Partly it has naturalized in Germany.