Kazakhstan is a state between the Caspian Sea in the west and the Altai Mountains in the east. Measured at the surface Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world. The state is mainly in Central Asia, but a smaller portion of about 5.4 percent of the country the extreme eastern Europe attributed.
The only border in the north is the one to Russia. In the South Kazakhstan borders the states Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan and on the southeast by the People’s Republic of China . Already in ancient times, originated in what is now Kazakhstan’s various kingdoms. Thus one of a large part between the 6 and 8 Century to the realm of “on-OK”, the Western Göktürks. In the 13th Century, the Mongols invaded by Genghis Khan in Kazakhstan later and conquered it. In the 15th Century conquered the Uzbek Tamerlane and the area under a native dynasty was Dschingiskhaniden the Kazakh Khanate was founded when the northern steppe nomads separated from the Uzbeks. The Kazakhs fought with the establishment of their khanate against the introduction of Islam, because they inherited the traditions would remain connected.
In the 17th and 18 Century, Kazakhstan was once part of a Mongol dominion. Before the Kazakh nomads of the Russian Tsar assumed they belonged to the nomadic steppe-dominated realm of Dsungars. Kazakhstan was established in 1936 as Kazakh SSR Union into an independent republic within the Soviet Union declared. The modern Republic of Kazakhstan has existed since the Declaration of Independence of 16 December, 1991.
Kazakhstan is a presidential republic. President since independence, Nursultan Nazarbayev. After the collapse of the Soviet Union was the Kazakh and Russian language declared the official language and the former capital Alma-Ata, Almaty renamed. In 1997, however, moved the seat of government and parliament to Aqmola, then as the official capital, and proclaimed the following year in Astana was (“Capital”) renamed.