Kaua’i is one of the eight major islands of Hawai i and with the age of six million years ago, the oldest island of the archipelago. Because of its lush vegetation, it is also known as the Garden Island. Covering an area of almost 1435 km ², it offers a variety of landforms and contains about 58,000 inhabitants. The island’s capital, Lihue with 6,500 inhabitants. The highest point of the island is Kawaikini to 1598 m.
The jagged cliffs and lush in the north of Kauai ( Na Pali Coast) are in stark contrast to the drier west side, shaped by the Waimea Canyon which is (also known as the Grand Canyon of the Pacific is called). Most of the coast is fringed by sandy beaches with coral reefs. On Kauai, there is the Wailua River, the only navigable river in Hawaii. In the shallow Hanalei Valley is mainly taro cultivation.
The Kīlauea Point Lighthouse , a lighthouse built in 1913, is situated on steep cliffs. Today it is part bird sanctuary, in which albatrosses , boobies and frigate birds nest. The lighthouse is preceded by the small island of Moku ae ae . Poipu on the sunny, arid south side of the main tourist area with hotels and apartments is. There is also Spouting Horn , a marine-ending lava tube , which provides for a sufficient swell geysirähnliches natural spectacle. Near Waimea, in the extreme west of the island, at the end of Hwy. 50, the natural beach Polihale, a dry desert-like dunes. Located in the northwest Hanakapi ai Beach is also one of the best on the island.