Katoomba is an Australian city with about 7,700 inhabitants, the tourist and cultural center of the Blue Mountains is. It is located in the State of New South Wales , 110 km west of the city of Sydney and 38 km east of Lithgow on the Great Western Highway . Katoomba is situated at an altitude of 1017 m.katoomba
The name of Katoomba is Aboriginal for “falling water”. This name is a waterfall in the Jamison Valley below Harry’s amphitheater due. The place was first known as The Crusher known since 1877 and was named Katoomba. Since 1889, Katoomba has its own city council and is now the administrative seat ofBlue Mountains City .
At the site of today’s Scenic Railway began in 1878 coal mining. To the coal from the Jamison Valley to transport up to the plateau to the railway, was built in 1885, the Scenic Railway. Remains of the mines are still visible today. The mining ended in 1930 and since then, the railway used exclusively by tourists.
Tourism began in the 1880s, after a railway line was opened, the association with the Blue Mountains in Sydney. 1884 was Six Foot Trackconstructed of an abbreviation for travelers to the Jenolan Caves represented: From Tree Exploreres this path leads down into the Megalong Valley , partly along the Coxs River at 45 km to the famous caves. With the horse and wagon could haul it in 8 hours to be covered. Today, the Six Foot Track a hiking trail.
In 2007 in Katoomba were as Cittaslow recognized. The station is located on the Kakoomba Blue Mountains line from Sydney (Central Station) to Lithgow. The trip takes about 2 hours.katoomba water falls katoomba australia