The Kashmir Valley, India or simply Kashmir is a wide intramontane valley in the western Himalayas . The Kashmir Valley in the north surrounded by the Great Himalayas in the south by the Pir Panjal . Flows through the valley of the Jhelum , a tributary of the Indus . The valley and the surrounding area are largely under control of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir . The largest city is Srinagar , the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. Other large cities are Anantnag and Baramulla . Since the 80s of the last century the valley was the scene of an armed conflict. Insurgents seek independence or join Pakistan after. The Kashmir Valley is due to its relatively cool climate for centuries been a popular summer residence for the Indian upper class. The Mughals were in the 16th and 17th century palaces and planting gardens.
The Kashmir Valley is located in the extreme north of India, in the south and west enclosed by the Pir Panjal and in the north flanked by the Great Himalayas. The valley is about 135 km long and 50 km wide, with an average altitude of 1600 m above sea level. The Jhelum originates in the south, near the place Verinag . The river flows northwest through the valley, by the greatest places like Anantnag, Avantipur and Srinagar. In the area of Srinagar are several lakes : the Dalmeer where the city is located, the Ancharmeer and the larger Wularmeer where the Jhelum flows. From the Wularmeer the river to the west valley. The valley of the Jhelum west of the valley is narrow and klovig .
The Jhelum passes in the West Line of Control between India and Pakistan, so there is no traffic from that direction is possible. Instead, the main link with the outside world, the National Highway 1A , the valley in the south via Jawahartunnel connects Udhampur and Jammu. In the northeast is a side valley to the place Sonamarg . Through this valley runs the National Highway 1D , which Kashmir with Ladakh connects. At the end of the valley the road passes the 3529 meter high mountain pass Zoji La on the Great Himalayas.
Around the Dalmeer located in various locations by the Mughals landscaped gardens, such as Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh . These gardens, with their sleek design and the frequent use of ponds with fountains, as a highlight of the Mogolarchitectuur considered. Part of the Srinagar city is situated on the water or on islands between channels. For this reason, the city known as “Venice of the East” mentioned. The people move in long, low boats, Shikara’s called. In the time of British India, the maharajas, the British banned land in the valley to possess. Therefore, the British built wooden boats that float on the lake. These houseboats are still a floating part of the city and an important tourist attraction.
On both sides of the valley valleys run into the mountains. Gulmarg west of Srinagar is a ski resort in the Pir Panjal. In summer the place attracts hikers and day trippers. The same applies to Pahalgam and Sonamarg, east of the Kashmir Valley.