The Kangaroo Island (earlier spelling of Kangaroo Island ; English Kangaroo Iceland ) is after Tasmania and Melville Island is the third largest island of Australia . It is situated 112 kilometers southwest of Adelaide in Gulf St Vincent in the State of South Australia .The island was about 10,000 years ago by rising sea levels separated from mainland Australia. The finds of stone tools lay close to the conjecture that this part of Australia was inhabited 11,000 years ago. The current view is that the former natives again disappeared around 200 BC. The reason for this is thought to be diseases, tribal feuds, climate change or migration.
Named the 1802 British explorer Matthew Flinders Island in the Kangaroo Iceland after being near Kangaroo Head had gone on the northern coast of Dudley Peninsula on land. The following year met Nicolas Baudin on his 1800-1804 expedition to the island. The consequence was a small community on the island, a former seal hunters . The wild men forcibly abducted Aboriginefrauen of Tasmania and the mainland to their island. Over time, they built homes and operated successfully as farmers.
Kingscote, the largest town on the island is officially the first settlement founded by Europeans in South Australia . It was on 27 Founded in July 1836 at Reeves Point. After only a few months moved to the new arrivals in Adelaide , where more land and more supply means were available.