The Kalahari Desert (Dorsland in Afrikaans) is a large semi-arid savanna in South Africa covers 900,000 km ² sand (350,000 square miles) that much of Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa. As a semi-desert, with much of the excellent grazing after good rains, the Kalahari supports more of a true desert animals and plants, such as the Namib Desert in the west. There are small amounts of precipitation and temperature in summer is very high. He gets into usually 3 to 7.5 inches (76-190 mm) of rain per year. The surrounding Kalahari Basin covers over 2.5 million square kilometers (970,000 square miles), the further into Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, and the intrusion into parts of Angola, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The only permanent river, the Okavango River flows into a delta in the northwest, forming marshes that are rich in wildlife. Old dry rivers say omuramba through North Central Kalahari and provide coverage of the standing pools of water during the rainy season. Previously havens for wild animals from elephant to giraffe, and for predators such as lions and cheetahs are the riverbeds now mostly grazing spots, though leopard or cheetah can still be found.
Derived from the Tswana word Kgala, the “thirsty” means, or Khalagari Kalagare or Kgalagadi, meaning “a place without water,” the Kalahari has vast areas of red sand without any permanent surface covered with water. The Drainage is by dry valleys, seasonally inundated pans, salt marshes and large Makgadikgadi Pan in Botswana and Etosha Pan in Namibia. However, the Kalahari is not a true desert. Parts of the Kalahari receive over 250 millimeters (9.8 inches) of erratic rainfall annually and are growing quite well, it’s really dry in the southwest with less than 175 millimeters (6.9 inches) of rain annually, so that the Kalahari Desert fossils. Summer temperatures in the Kalahari range from 20 to 45 ° C (68 to 113 ° F).
The Kalahari desert was once a much wetter. Former Lake Makgadikgadi dominated the region for the Makgadikgadi Pan and other areas, until its final drainage some 10,000 years ago. You may have even traveled as much as 275000 km ² (106,000 sq miles).
Despite the aridity, the Kalahari supports a variety of fauna and flora. The flora includes acacia and many other herbs and grasses. The fruit Kiwano, even as the cucumber, melano, African horned cucumber, jelly melon, hedged gourd, and / or tomato is known in the English language, is endemic to a region in the Kalahari Desert.
Some areas in the Kalahari are seasonal wetlands, such as the Makgadikgadi Pans of Botswana. This area, for example, supports numerous halophilic species, and to visit in the rainy season, tens of thousands of flamingos these pans.
The Kalahari has a number of games Tswalu Kalahari Reserve, South Africa’s largest private game reserve, the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (the world’s second largest protected area), Khutse Game Reserve and the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Animals that live in the region, brown hyenas, lions, giraffes, meerkats, warthogs, jackals, various species of antelope (including eland, gemsbok, springbok, wildebeest, steenbok, kudu, duiker and), and many species of birds and reptiles. The vegetation in the Kalahari consists mainly of grasses and acacias but there exist more than 400 plant species (including wild watermelons, melons and pistachios) are identified. Camel rides thrive when it rains.