Jiuzhaigou Valley is a nature reserve in the Chinese province of Sichuan , and since 1992 part of the UNESCO – World Heritage Site . The name Jiuzhaigou is derived from the nine Tibetan villages that lie in the valleys of the area. Jiuzhaigou is known mainly for its stunning mountain scenery, consisting of a multitude of lakes and waterfalls.
The reserve is located in northwestern Sichuan province, specifically in the southern center of the circle Juizhaigou Autonomous District Ngawa the Tibetan and Qiang . It is about 300 km distance from the provincial capital of Chengdu removed. The area extends to about 50 km long and from 20 km wide and covers a total area of 72,000 hectares and a buffer zone of 60,000 hectares. The average height above sea level is 2500 m, the region is adjacent to the bus through mountain passes of the Min-Shan Mountains to reach. Meanwhile, there are also internal Chinese flights (eg from Chengdu) to 3,800 meters high located on newly constructed airport in Songpan . There is a bus about a half hour follows deeper into the valley past the source of the Minjiang River.
Due to the increasing impact of the forestry 1972-1979, the Chinese government declared in 1982 Jiuzhaiguo reserve. Opened in 1984, the Administrative Office of the park. In 1992 the area was included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. In 1997 Jiuzhaigou became a world biosphere reserve declared. Since 2001, the park is a member of the global organization “21st Century Green World Wide” is. In 2004, the area was named ” National Geographic awarded Garden “.
The nine villages of the nature reserve by the members of the Qiang minority-inhabited. While the towns Zezhawa, Shuzheng Heye and accessible for tourists, the villages Yana, Panya, Jianpan, Guodu, and Zharu Heijiao not be visited. The accessible villages are accessible by numerous souvenir shops, restaurants with local cuisine and typical accommodations. Besides tourism, the cattle and dairy farming is the largest source of income for the 1,000 inhabitants of the valley dar. The approximately 1,200 years old Buddhist Zharu- temple with adjoining monastery is located near the park exit.