Jaipur is the fast growing capital of the state of Rajasthan in India with 3 million inhabitants (census 2011), 300 kilometers southwest of Delhi and 200 km west of Agra located. She is an industrial city ( metal -, textile – jewelry – chemical industry), with cultural University , theaters , cinemas , museums , zoo and historic monuments as well as transport node ( road , railway , airport ). In the surrounding area is mining , and agriculture operated.
The city was on 17 November 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II (1686-1743) as the new capital of the princely state Jaipur founded and is one of Rajasthan’s younger cities. Jaipur is Pink City (the “Pink City”) called. The term refers to the pink color of the buildings in the historic district. She received the painting in 1853 in preparation for the visit of Prince Albert of England (1819-1861), husband of Queen Victoria (1819-1901). Pink is the color of Rajasthan’s traditional hospitality.
In 1947, the University of Jaipur was opened. After India’s independence from Britain on 15 August 1947 the government merged the princely states in 1949 with Jaipur Bikaner , Jodhpur and Jaisalmer and the city of Jaipur in 1956 capital of Rajasthan . Today the city as the most advanced commercial and economic center wealthier than ever before. 2008 came to a major terrorist attack on the urban life of the town about sixty people at.
The most famous landmark of Jaipur is the upwardly tapering Hawa Mahal (“Palace of Winds”, built in 1799). This striking design was used by many ladies of the court, which were not issued under the common people, as an observation post popular especially in the processions. That was, heard and smelled everything from the street, but could be due to the blackout construction is not noticed by the outside. It was named because of the front facade sophisticated air circulation, which could always draw a breath of fresh air through the rooms.
Open to the public in 1890, built the magnificent city palace as “Sawai Man Singh Museum” and is surrounded by high walls between beautiful gardens and courtyards pride in the city center. Even today, descendants inhabit the rajas part of the palace, and on formal occasions family members in an elaborate procession pass through the large gate in the center Tripolia the southern wall.
The plaster covered with yellow triangles, circles and pillars made of brick, the observatory ‘ Jantar Mantar form “of the amateur astronomer Jai Singh II, are in the southern courtyard of the palace complex. Between 1728 and 1734 a total of 18 instruments were built. Although the ruling was influenced by foreign research astronomer and the advice of his teachers, including his mother, he has designed many of these measuring instruments themselves. They allow the position and motion of stars and planets decide to read the time and even to predict the intensity of the monsoon hit. This popular science facility is a popular destination since 2010, and UNESCO Welkulturerbe. Especially children and young people are incorporated herein by their teachers and leaders employed in applied astronomy.
South of the pink city extend to more than 145,000 m² of space, the lush green plants of the Ram-Niwas Park, named after Ram Singh (1816-1885), who reigned from 1835 to 1880 in Jaipur, and drew the plans themselves. Aside from the greens, attract more facilities to visitors. Distinctive city is the “Albert Hall” with the “Central Museum” by the British architect Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob was (1841-1917) designed. In several years of construction from 1867, built impressive building reveals significant borrowings from contemporary British models, but the porches and cupolas can clearly on the background of the Mughal artisans close. The outskirts of the city, Rambagh Palace was the residence of the last Maharaja of Jaipur and is now used as a hotel.