The Itatiaia National Park ( Portuguese Parque Nacional do Itatiaia ) was born on 14th June 1937 created, so he was the first national park in Brazil . Today he has an area of 300 sq. km. It is located in the Serra da Mantiqueira in the states of Minas Gerais (in the field of the places Itamonte , Alagoa and Bocaina de Minas ) and Rio de Janeiro ( Itatiaia and Resende ). The park is approximately equidistant between São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro , between the coordinates 22 ° 16 ’0 ” S , 44 ° 34 ’0 ” W and 22 ° 28 ’0 ” S , 44 ° 42 ’0 ” W .
The lower, south-eastern part of the park with waterfalls and hiking trails can be reached easily from the Via Dutra at Itatiaia , the region west of the summit more difficult by the federal government limit.
The park is located in the subtropical area, due to the altitude there is unusual in Brazil, such as ice and snow in some years. The dry season is the southern winter from June to August. The highest peaks are the Pico das Agulhas Negras (2787 m), Prateleiras (2548 m) and Couto. There are a number of endemic plants. Below 1100 meters is growing (mostly secondary) coastal forest of the Mata Atlântica , it mostly primary forest .