Inverness is the capital of the Scottish county of Highlands and has since December 2000 as the only town in the district, the status of a “city”. The city lies at the mouth of the River Ness in the Moray Firth. It is the northernmost city in the United Kingdom. As a general assessment of the city limits do not exist, the numbers vary with the population of between 40,000 and well over 65,000 inhabitants. The statistics of the General Register Office for Scotland on residential areas (“settlements”) identifies a number of 46 110 inhabitants in mid 2006.
The town and its surroundings are steeped in history. Reigned in the castle of Inverness in the 11th Century Macbeth, not so cruel as by William Shakespeare portrayed. Instead of his castle stands since the 19th Century, a representative Castle on the hill. By the Great Glen, and thus by Loch Ness leading Caledonian canal (Caledonian Canal) runs diagonally through Inverness and has in the city’s eastern entrance. A few kilometers east of the battlefield of Culloden, where in 1746, the last battle of the Jacobite troops against the British government with a devastating defeat of the Jacobites ended. Nearby are the Clava Cairns.
Scottish Gaelic appears on the majority of road signs around Inverness, a significant number of people speak the language. Federal sgoil Ghàidhlig Inbhir Nis was in August 2007 as a native language primary school opened, it should be expanded to include in the next few years, more pupils. The organization Bord na Gàidhlig, responsible for supporting and promoting the use of Scottish Gaelic, maintains its main office in Inverness.