Hobart is the state capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. Founded in 1804 as a penal colony, Hobart is Australia’s second oldest capital city after Sydney. In 2009, the city had a greater area population of approximately 212,019. A resident of Hobart is known as a “Hobartian”. The city is located in the state’s south-east on the estuary of the Derwent River. The skyline is dominated by Mount Wellington at 1,271 metres (4,170 ft) high. The city is the financial and administrative heart of Tasmania, also serving as the home port for both Australian and French Antarctic operations.
Hobart was named Australia’s 6th most sustainable city, by the Australian Conservation Foundation in 2010. For economic and social innovation, Hobart was the 11th placed in Australia in 2009, and listed as an innovation influencer city in the Innovation Cities Global Index scoring equal with Reykjavik, Katowice and Casablanca by 2thinknow.
As of the 2006 census there were 217,525 people in the greater Hobart area and the City of Hobart local government area had a population of 47,700. According to the 2006 census, approximately 12.0% of greater Hobart’s residents were born overseas, commonly the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Germany, and Netherlands. Hobart has also started to form thriving Korean and Somali communities. The recent growth of interest in multiculturalism and the rise in population has prompted the development of new suburbs such as Glebe Hill and Oak Downs as well as others in the planning stage, such as the newest proposed suburb designed for the families of Korean students immigrating to the city along with residents seeking a more alternative and carbon friendly lifestyle, dubbed Paranville, Paran being Korean for blue/green, in reference to its goals for being a ‘clean and green’ eco friendly suburb.
Most common occupations are Professionals 21.6%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 16.1%, Technicians and Trades Workers 13.8%, Managers 11.5% and Community and Personal Service Workers 10.6%. Median weekly household income was $869, compared with $1,027 nationally. In the 2006 census, 63.8% of residents specified a Christian religion. Major religious affiliations are Anglican 29.8%, Catholic 21.1%, Uniting Church 4.2%, and Presbyterian and Reformed 2.0%. In addition, 21.6% specified “No Religion” and 12.0% did not answer.
Hobart has a small Mormon community of around 900 (2010), with meetinghouses in Glenorchy, Rosny, and Glen Huon. There is also a synagogue where the growing Jewish community, of around 180 (2001), or 0.1% of the Hobart Population, worships.Hobart also has smaller communities of Hindus, Muslims and Bahá’í, with a Bahá’í Centre of Learning, located within the city. A Free Mason lodge is also established in Hobart.