Helsinki is the capital of Finland and the Finnish landscape of Uusimaa. It is 588 695 (as at 31 December 2010) inhabitants the biggest city in Finland and is the center of the “capital region”, a metropolitan area with approximately one million inhabitants. The city is the political, economic, intellectual, scientific and cultural center of Finland. Helsinki 6.2% Swedish-speaking population and is officially bilingual.
Helsinki is located in the south of the country in the landscape of Uusimaa on the coast of the Gulf of Finland towards the Estonian capital Tallinn. The cities of Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen the city is connected to an agglomeration of grown together. The four cities are politically independent, the so-called “metropolitan area” (finn pääkaupunkiseutu, Swedish huvudstadsregionen), in fact, a single city with one million inhabitants. For the catchment area of Helsinki is the Helsinki region (Finnish Helsingin seutu) with the communities Kirkkonummi, Vihti, Nurmijärvi, Tuusula, Kerava, Sipoo, Järvenpää and Hyvinkää In this metropolitan area has a total population 1.3 million people, which constitutes well a quarter of the total population of Finland.
The metropolitan area of Helsinki, Southern Finland, as well as the other is dominated by flat, gently rising hills of granite rocks. The highest point in the metropolitan area with 90 meters of a landfill in the district Bauaushub Malminkartano. The highest natural point is located in the district Kivikko and reaches 62 meters above sea level.
The year 2009/2010, Helsinki had 583 350 inhabitants. The population density is 2739 inhabitants per square kilometer. The proportion of women in the population of Helsinki is higher at 53.1% than the national average (51.1%). As the capital region called agglomeration (Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, Kauniainen) has about one million inhabitants in the catchment area of Helsinki, 1.3 million people.
The mobility of the population is higher than in the rest of Finland in Helsinki. Many people from other communities in Finland take on work or study in the capital. At the same time they leave many families, especially because of the high cost of housing in the direction of the suburbs. In 2005, a total of 33 953 people moved from other municipalities in Finland or abroad in Helsinki, while 33 381 people left the city.