Hammamet is a seaside resort in northern Tunisia . It is located in the southeast of the peninsula of Cap Bon in the northern edge of the Gulf of Hammamet and is part of the governorate of Nabeul . Since the beginning of the 20th Century Hammamet for its miles of sandy beaches is a popular destination for tourists . Today the city is the most visited resort in the country. The city has about 65,000 inhabitants (2004), however, this number quadrupled in the summer because of tourism. Hammamet is located approximately midway between the Tunisian capital of Tunis (about 65 miles away) and Sousse (about 85 miles away).
In the ancient world in Hammamet was a small Roman settlement called Pupput . The subsequent history of Hammamet is unclear until the 13th Century a fort was established. The city itself was probably built in the 15th Century. Hammamet, the Europeans at that time Mahomette called, was a stronghold of the corsairs and was repeatedly attacked by the Spaniards. Beginning of the 20th Century discovered artists and intellectuals such as Paul Klee , August Macke , Gustave Flaubert , Guy de Maupassant , André Gide and Oscar Wilde at that time still insignificant fishing village. It became a destination for rich foreigners. In the 1960s there was a boom in the tourism and resort of Hammamet in Tunisia was the largest. Since 2004, during archaeological excavations, an extensive necropolis of ancient Pupput discovered.
At the heart of Hammamet is the historical Medina (old town) on the tip of a peninsula. The only 200 × 200-meter walled medina is complete. At its southwest corner is the kasbah (fortress). The Great Mosque in the medina dates from the 15th Century, the Sidi-Gailani Mosque in the year 1798. Between the main gate of the Kasbah and are partly covered market streets of the souks , the now fully from the souvenir trade to be controlled. Outside the Medina, on the sea, is the Islamic cemetery. Compared to the historic city walls, there is a small Italian cemetery. Here is the grave of Bettino Craxi , Prime Minister of Italy from 1983 to 1987.
The center of the modern Hammamet is situated on the north side of the medina the Place des Martyrs with the Eiffel Tower -inspired monument that commemorates the “martyrs” of the Tunisian War of Independence. The square is the transportation hub of the city. Here begin the two main streets of the city, running north to Avenue Habib Bourguiba and Avenue de la République to the east. In the vicinity of these two streets is the modern center of Hammamet with shops, restaurants and service industries.
The tourist area of Hammamet is divided into two sections to the west and east of downtown along the draw for miles on the beach. East of downtown starts small “zone Touristique Hammamet Nord” . The southern hotel zone extends over 20 km to the newly built tourist resort of Yasmine Hammamet . In the southern hotel zone, approximately 3 km from the center is also the cultural center in the former mansion of the Romanian millionaire George Sebastian , in the summer, an international festival of theater, music and folklore held notions.