The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is a city-state of a country of the Federal Republic of Germany. Hamburg, with nearly 1.8 million inhabitants, the second largest city in Germany, the sixth largest of the European Union and largest city, the capital, not one of its Member States is. The Port of Hamburg is the largest seaport in Germany and among the twenty largest container ports worldwide. In addition, since 1982 seat of the Hamburg International Tribunal, the most important institution of the United Nations in Germany.
The earliest written reference dates from the 7th Century. Through its contract with Lübeck in 1241 in Hamburg, was one of the founding sites of the Hanseatic League. Hamburg’s industrial and commercial location. The economic importance of the city is reflected in the metropolitan region of Hamburg, one of eleven European metropolitan regions in Germany, the position of the port, as the third largest in Europe and the fifteen largest in the world (as of 2010), and as one of the most important media locations in Germany.
With more than 70 million visitors per day, approximately four million customers and a year over eight million overnight, Hamburg is one of the most attractive tourist destinations in Germany. The objectives of the visitors belong to the city center of Hamburg, together with Alster, Hamburg’s harbor with the St. Pauli landing bridges, St. Pauli with the “sinful mile” Reeperbahn and the well-known hamburger buildings such as the landmark Michel, temporary events and also events such as the harbor birthday, the Altona Fish Market, the funfair and the Schlagermove. As the world’s third largest musical musicals such as location will be The Lion King performed. Hamburg has more than 60 theaters and 60 museums and galleries has internationally known as the Hamburger Kunsthalle and Bucerius Art Forum. Major trade fairs such as the hanseboot or INTERNORGA are held regularly. Hamburg is known as a sports town, because in addition to the football games of the Hamburger SV and FC St. Pauli, the handball matches of HSV Hamburg, the cycling of Vattenfallcyclassics, the international German championship in tennis and the German Jumping Derby will be held and each year the Hamburg- Marathon takes place.